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Kabul, Afghanistan

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 24, 2008 at 08:11:18 :: Afghanistan

Kābul (Persian: کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, with population of about 3 million people. It is an economic and cultural center, situated 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above-sea-level in a narrow valley, wedged between the Hindu Kush mountains along the Kabul River.

Kabul is linked with Ghazni, Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif via a long beltway (circular highway) that stretches across the country. It is also linked by highways with Pakistan to the southeast and Tajikistan to the north.

Darul Aman Palace - built during the 1920s as a part of the reformist King Amanullah Khan's modernization drive - located about ten miles outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan

Kabul's main products include munitions, cloth, furniture, and beet sugar, though, since 1978, a state of nearly continuous war has limited the economic productivity of the city.

An ancient community, Kabul rose to prominence in 1504, when it was made the capital of the Moghul Empire by the conqueror Babur. Delhi replaced it as the imperial capital in 1526, but Kabul remained an important Moghul center until it was captured, in 1738, by the Persian ruler Nadir Shah. In 1747 Kabul became part of an independent Afghan state, and in the 1770s it replaced Qandahar as the capital of Afghanistan. It was a focus of British, Persian, and Russian rivalry for control of the Khyber Pass in the 19th century, when it was twice occupied (1839-1842 and 1879-1880) by British troops. The city grew as an industrial center after 1940.

Kabul was occupied by troops of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1979; the USSR withdrew from Afghanistan on Feb. 15, 1989. The city has gone through the toughest and most disastrous civil war in its history between 1992-1996. Over 50,000 people lost their lives during the Mujahideen infightings on the streets of Kabul in 1992-1996 period.

The city has been under the control of the Taliban government since 1996 and ended in 2001. The Northern Alliance took over the city as the Taliban withdrew from Kabul and retreated southwards. The fate of the city is yet to be known. The role of UN and World community is important in bringing a stable government in Kabul.

Photo of Queen Palace located in Kabul (Persian: کابل), Afghanistan (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان). But unfortunately it is destroyed after decades of wars.

Infrastructures such as roads and traffic system, telephone system, electricity, water sanitation, renovation of buildings are in shambles and the need for reconstruction is very much needed to bring back the city of Kabul to a better place for living.

Would you have photos of Kabul and Afghanistan, don't hesitate to submit them now on Landolia.
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UNESCO World Heritage

Afghanistan, Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 31, 2009 at 12:26:20

Location Bamiyan Province, Bamiyan District, Afghanistan
Coordinates N34 50 48.984 E67 49 30.9
Type Cultural
Property 159 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description ( )

The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterized ancient Bakhtria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices from the Islamic period. The site is also testimony to the tragic destruction by the Taliban of the two standing Buddha statues, which shook the world in March 2001.

Photos from TWIP

Bamiyan Valley, Landscape Site of the taller of the two Buddhas of Bamiyan

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map

Afghanistan, Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 31, 2009 at 12:15:12

Location Shahrak District, Ghur Province, Afghanistan
Coordinates N34 23 47.6 E64 30 57.8
Type Cultural
Property 70 ha
Date of Inscription 2002

Brief Description ( )

The 65m-tall Minaret of Jam is a graceful, soaring structure, dating back to the 12th century. Covered in elaborate brickwork with a blue tile inscription at the top, it is noteworthy for the quality of its architecture and decoration, which represent the culmination of an architectural and artistic tradition in this region. Its impact is heightened by its dramatic setting, a deep river valley between towering mountains in the heart of the Ghur province.

Photos from TWIP

Minaret of Jam on the bank of Hari River Minaret of Jam, View  

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map

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