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Andorra and the 2 princes

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, August 21, 2011 at 16:28:47 :: Andorra

Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is both a Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional Diarchy. The Principality was formed in 1278. The role of monarch is exercised jointly by the two co-princes, the President of the French Republic and the Bishop of Urgell. The President of the French Republic needs no further introduction. However, who is the Bishop of Urgell?

View of the town of Pas de la Casa (fr. Pas de la Case), Andorra

The Diocese of Urgell is a Roman Catholic diocese in Catalonia, Spain, with origins in the fifth century AD or possibly earlier. It is based in the region of the historical Catalan county of Urgell, though it has different borders. The seat and Cathedral of bishop are situated in a town la Seu d'Urgell.

Andorra was ceded to the Bishop of Urgell by the Count Ermengol IV of Urgell in the 12th century.

The Bishop of Urgell holds the role of ex officio Co-Prince of the Pyrenean Catalan-speaking nation jointly with the President of the French Republic (and formerly, the King of France).

The current Bishop of Urgell (since 2003) is Joan Enric Vives Sicília (born 24 July 1949). In March 2010, Vives i Sicília was elevated to the dignity of archbishop as a personal title.

Want to know more about Kings and Queens in the world, click here.

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UNESCO World Heritage

Andorra, Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 04, 2009 at 06:02:52

Location Part of Communes of Encamp, Andorra la Vella, Saint Julia de Loria and Escaldes-Engordany, Andorra
Coordinates N42 29 41 E1 35 44
Type Cultural
Property 4,247 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description ( )

The cultural landscape of Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley offers a microcosmic perspective of the way people have harvested the resources of the high Pyrenees over millennia. Its dramatic glacial landscapes of craggy cliffs and glaciers, with high open pastures and steep wooded valleys, covers an area of 4,247 ha, 9% of the total area of the principality. It reflects past changes in climate, economic fortune and social systems, as well as the persistence of pastoralism and a strong mountain culture, notably the survival of a communal land-ownership system dating back to the 13th century. The site features houses, notably summer settlements, terraced fields, stone tracks and evidence of iron smelting.

Photos from Landolia

Refuge, Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley

More photos of the Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley

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