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Australia

The Twelve Apostles, a collection of limestone stacks

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 27, 2011 at 09:13:54 :: Australia

The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone stacks off the shore of the Port Campbell National Park, by the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia. Their proximity to one another has made the site a popular tourist attraction.

The Twelve Apostles are giant rock stacks that rise majestically from the Southern Ocean and are the central feature of the rugged Port Campbell National Park, about 250km from Melbourne. It's one of the most well-known, extremely popular, tourist attractions in Victoria and Australia.


The Twelve Apostles have been created by constant erosion of the limestone cliffs of the mainland that began 10–20 million years ago. The stormy Southern Ocean and blasting winds gradually eroded the softer limestone, forming caves in the cliffs. The caves eventually became arches and when they collapsed rock stacks up to 45 metres high were left isolated from the shore.

Sunrise and sunset offer particularly impressive views as the Twelve Apostles change colour from dark and foreboding in shadow to brilliant sandy yellow under a full sun.

The Twelve Apostles are located just east of Port Campbell, along the Great Ocean Road. Parks Victoria has built boardwalks, tracks, and viewing areas to ensure you get spectacular views of the Twelve Apostles.

Helicopter flights

A great way to see the Twelve Apostles is from the air. Operators offer helicopter flights all year round.

The Loch Ard Gorge is part of Port Campbell National Park, Victoria, Australia, about 10 minutes drive west of The Twelve Apostles and about 280km from Melbourne. From this view is the blowholes, visible example of the process of erosion in action.


Take a helicopter flight for a bird's eye view of the stunning south west coastline. Flights can be taken from various points alongside the Twelve Apostles and will take you over the Twelve Apostles and along the shipwreck coast – a truly stunning sight from the air.

For something even more exhilarating, experience the thrill of a tandem skydive. A qualified professional will supervise your jump that starts with a free fall for up to a minute at awesome speeds of 200 kilometres per hour and ends with a gentle descent back to earth.

Or visit the Twelve Apostles and Australia on your computer now, with Landolia!
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In The News

Christmas goes global - Sydney, Australia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 17, 2010 at 08:27:15

Bondi Beach, popular beach in the suburb of Bondi, New South Wales in Sydney, AustraliaFor Australians, in their upside-down world, Christmas means the start of the summer holidays and a double dose of relaxation and revelry. In sunny, sea-straddling Sydney, Santa's sleigh runs on sand or surf, not snow.

Whilst Australia's Christmas traditions are British- and American-based, they have a super-sunny Aussie twist. Because it's summer, Christmas is very much an outdoor festival, celebrated at backyard barbecues and beach parties, scoffing grilled seafood and chugging ice-cold stubbies and tinnies.

Festivities kick off with a mass gathering of Santa Clauses at the Darling Harbour Santafest which includes a pyrotechnic jet ski show with fireworks. More serenely, the Christian tradition is celebrated with "Carols by Candlelight" at various venues, whilst at a big public park tens of thousands gather to enjoy "Carols in the Domain" with some of the biggest names in Australian show business gracing the stage and raising funds for charity in the true spirit of the season.

Australian National Parks

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 12, 2007 at 12:18:46

Kings Canyon walls, over 100 metres high, with Kings Creek at the bottom, Watarrka National Park in Northern Territory, AustraliaWelcome to Watarrka National Park (important conservation area with rock holes and gorges providing refuge for over 600 species of plants and many native animals) and Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park (which covers an area of 132 566 hectares of arid ecosystems and is located close to the centre of Australia in the traditional lands of Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara Aboriginal people (locally known as Anangu), two major National Parks in the Northern Territory of Australia.Sunrise on Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Australia

You can visit these two parks from Alice Springs. Kings Canyon, mighty chasm cleaving the earth to a depth of 270 metres, is part of the Watarrka National Park, Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock), huge, rounded, red sandstone monolith 9.4 kilometres in circumference rising to a height of over 340 metres above the plain, and Kata Tjuta, 36 steep-sided domes covering an area of 3500 hectares with Mount Olga rising to a height of 500 metres, are located in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.

UNESCO World Heritage

Australia, Ningaloo Coast

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 10:40:43

Location Australia
Coordinates S22 33 45 E113 48 37
Property 705,015 ha
Date of Inscription 2011

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1369 )

The 604,500 hectare marine and terrestrial property of Ningaloo Coast, on the remote western coast of Australia, includes one of the longest near-shore reefs in the world. On land the site features an extensive karst system and network of underground caves and water courses. Annual gatherings of whale sharks occur at Ningaloo Coast, which is home to numerous marine species, among them a wealth of sea turtles. The terrestrial part of the site features subterranean water bodies with a substantial network of caves, conduits, and groundwater streams. They support a variety of rare species that contribute to the exceptional biodiversity of the marine and terrestrial site.

Photos from Landolia

Beach, Ningaloo Coast Ningaloo Marine Park

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Australia, Australian Convict Sites

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 10:30:27

Location Australia
Coordinates S33 22 42 E150 59 40
Property 1,503 ha
Date of Inscription 2010

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1306 )

The property includes a selection of eleven penal sites, among the thousands established by the British Empire on Australian soil in the 18th and 19th centuries. The sites are spread across Australia, from Fremantle in Western Australia to Kingston and Arthur's Vale on Norfolk Island in the east; and from areas around Sydney in New South Wales in the north, to sites located in Tasmania in the south. Around 166,000 men, women and children were sent to Australia over 80 years between 1787 and 1868, condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict colonies. Each of the sites had a specific purpose, in terms both of punitive imprisonment and of rehabilitation through forced labour to help build the colony. The Australian Convict Sites presents the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.

Photos from Landolia

Port Arthur Penitentiary, Australian Convict Sites Cockatoo Island, Australian Convict Sites Fremantle Prison, Australian Convict Sites

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Australia, Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 10:20:54

Location Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Coordinates S37 48 22 E144 58 13
Property 26 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1131 )

The Royal Exhibition Building and its surrounding Carlton Gardens were designed for the great international exhibitions of 1880 and 1888 in Melbourne. The building and grounds were designed by Joseph Reed. The building is constructed of brick and timber, steel and slate. It combines elements from the Byzantine, Romanesque, Lombardic and Italian Renaissance styles. The property is typical of the international exhibition movement which saw over 50 exhibitions staged between 1851 and 1915 in venues including Paris, New York, Vienna, Calcutta, Kingston (Jamaica) and Santiago (Chile). All shared a common theme and aims: to chart material and moral progress through displays of industry from all nations.

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Royal Exhibition Building Carlton Gardens

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Australia, Purnululu National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 10:11:17

Location Western Australia, Australia
Coordinates S17 30 0 E128 30 0
Property 239,723 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1094 )

The 239,723 ha Purnululu National Park is located in the State of Western Australia. It contains the deeply dissected Bungle Bungle Range composed of Devonian-age quartz sandstone eroded over a period of 20 million years into a series of beehive-shaped towers or cones, whose steeply sloping surfaces are distinctly marked by regular horizontal bands of dark-grey cyanobacterial crust (single-celled photosynthetic organisms). These outstanding examples of cone karst owe their existence and uniqueness to several interacting geological, biological, erosional and climatic phenomena.

Photos from Landolia

Rock formation, Purnululu National Park Bungle Bungle Range, Purnululu National Park

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Australia, Macquarie Island

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 10:03:49

Location State of Tasmania, Australia
Coordinates S54 35 41 E158 53 44
Property 540,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/629 )

Macquarie Island (34 km long x 5 km wide) is an oceanic island in the Southern Ocean, lying 1,500 km south-east of Tasmania and approximately halfway between Australia and the Antarctic continent. The island is the exposed crest of the undersea Macquarie Ridge, raised to its present position where the Indo-Australian tectonic plate meets the Pacific plate. It is a site of major geoconservation significance, being the only place on earth where rocks from the earth’s mantle (6 km below the ocean floor) are being actively exposed above sea-level. These unique exposures include excellent examples of pillow basalts and other extrusive rocks.

Photos from Landolia

Beach, Macquarie Island Royal penguin rookery, Macquarie Island

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Australia, Heard and McDonald Islands

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:57:24

Location Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Australia
Coordinates S53 6 0 E73 30 0
Property 658,903 ha
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/577 )

Heard Island and McDonald Islands are located in the Southern Ocean, approximately 1,700 km from the Antarctic continent and 4,100 km south-west of Perth. As the only volcanically active subantarctic islands they ‘open a window into the earth’, thus providing the opportunity to observe ongoing geomorphic processes and glacial dynamics. The distinctive conservation value of Heard and McDonald – one of the world’s rare pristine island ecosystems – lies in the complete absence of alien plants and animals, as well as human impact.

Photos from Landolia

Heard Island

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Australia, Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte)

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:50:38

Location States of Queensland and South Australia, Australia
Coordinates S19 4 60 E138 43 0
Property 10,300 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/698 )

Riversleigh and Naracoorte, situated in the north and south respectively of eastern Australia, are among the world’s 10 greatest fossil sites. They are a superb illustration of the key stages of evolution of Australia’s unique fauna.

Photos from Landolia

Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte)

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Australia, Shark Bay, Western Australia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:40:32

Location State of Western Australia, Australia
Coordinates S25 29 10 E113 26 10
Property 2,200,902 ha
Date of Inscription 1991

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/578 )

At the most westerly point of the Australian continent, Shark Bay, with its islands and the land surrounding it, has three exceptional natural features: its vast sea-grass beds, which are the largest (4,800 km2) and richest in the world; its dugong (‘sea cow’) population; and its stromatolites (colonies of algae which form hard, dome-shaped deposits and are among the oldest forms of life on earth). Shark Bay is also home to five species of endangered mammals.

Photos from Landolia

Zuytdorp Cliffs, Shark Bay Hamelin Pool, Shark Bay

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Australia, Wet Tropics of Queensland

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:32:12

Location Australia
Coordinates S15 39 0 E144 58 0
Property 893,453 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/486 )

This area, which stretches along the north-east coast of Australia for some 450 km, is made up largely of tropical rainforests. This biotope offers a particularly extensive and varied array of plants, as well as marsupials and singing birds, along with other rare and endangered animals and plant species.

Photos from Landolia

Walsh Pyramid, Wet Tropics of Queensland Wallaman Falls, Wet Tropics of Queensland

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Australia, Gondwana Rainforests of Australia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:22:49

Location States of New South Wales and Queensland, Australia
Coordinates S28 15 0 E150 3 0
Property 370,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/368 )

This site, comprising several protected areas, is situated predominantly along the Great Escarpment on Australia’s east coast. The outstanding geological features displayed around shield volcanic craters and the high number of rare and threatened rainforest species are of international significance for science and conservation.

Photos from Landolia

Elabana Falls, Gondwana Rainforests Brindle Creek, Gondwana Rainforests

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Australia, Tasmanian Wilderness

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 05:14:43

Location State of Tasmania, Australia
Coordinates S41 34 60 E145 25 0
Property 1,411,323 ha
Date of Inscription 1982

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/181 )

In a region that has been subjected to severe glaciation, these parks and reserves, with their steep gorges, covering an area of over 1 million ha, constitute one of the last expanses of temperate rainforest in the world. Remains found in limestone caves attest to the human occupation of the area for more than 20,000 years.

Photos from Landolia

Lake Pedder, Tasmanian Wilderness Cradle Mountain, Tasmanian Wilderness

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Australia, Lord Howe Island Group

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 04:51:43

Location New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates S31 33 56 E159 5 18
Property 146,300 ha
Date of Inscription 1982

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/186 )

A remarkable example of isolated oceanic islands, born of volcanic activity more than 2,000 m under the sea, these islands boast a spectacular topography and are home to numerous endemic species, especially birds.

Photos from Landolia

Mount Lidgbird, Lord Howe Island Calcarenite karst, Lord Howe Island

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Australia, Willandra Lakes Region

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2013 at 04:43:33

Location Balranald and Wentworth shires, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates S34 0 0 E143 0 0
Property 240,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1981

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/167 )

The fossil remains of a series of lakes and sand formations that date from the Pleistocene can be found in this region, together with archaeological evidence of human occupation dating from 45–60,000 years ago. It is a unique landmark in the study of human evolution on the Australian continent. Several well-preserved fossils of giant marsupials have also been found here.

Photos from Landolia

Walls of China, Willandra Lakes Region Sand dune, Willandra Lakes Region

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Australia, Greater Blue Mountains Area

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 30, 2009 at 16:34:22

Location Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates S33 42 0 E150 0 0
Type Natural
Property 1,032,649 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/917 )

The Greater Blue Mountains Area consists of 1.03 million ha of sandstone plateaux, escarpments and gorges dominated by temperate eucalypt forest. The site, comprised of eight protected areas, is noted for its representation of the evolutionary adaptation and diversification of the eucalypts in post-Gondwana isolation on the Australian continent. Ninety-one eucalypt taxa occur within the Greater Blue Mountains Area which is also outstanding for its exceptional expression of the structural and ecological diversity of the eucalypts associated with its wide range of habitats. The site provides significant representation of Australia's biodiversity with ten percent of the vascular flora as well as significant numbers of rare or threatened species, including endemic and evolutionary relict species, such as the Wollemi pine, which have persisted in highly-restricted microsites.

Photos from Landolia

The Three Sisters, Blue mountains Blue mountains

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Australia, Fraser Island

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 26, 2009 at 19:04:39

Location State of Queensland, Australia
Coordinates S25 13 0 E153 7 60
Highest point Boomerang Hill (260)
Property 184,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1992

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/630 )

Fraser Island lies just off the east coast of Australia. At 122 km long, it is the largest sand island in the world. Majestic remnants of tall rainforest growing on sand and half the world’s perched freshwater dune lakes are found inland from the beach. The combination of shifting sand-dunes, tropical rainforests and lakes makes it an exceptional site.

Photos from Landolia

Beach at Lake McKenzie, Fraser Island Sand island, Fraser Island Indian Head, Fraser Island

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Australia, Kakadu National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 26, 2009 at 18:02:55

Location Northern territory, Australia
Coordinates S12 49 60 E132 49 60
Type Mixed
Property 1,980,995 ha
Date of Inscription 1981

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/147 )

This unique archaeological and ethnological reserve, located in the Northern Territory, has been inhabited continuously for more than 40,000 years. The cave paintings, rock carvings and archaeological sites record the skills and way of life of the region’s inhabitants, from the hunter-gatherers of prehistoric times to the Aboriginal people still living there. It is a unique example of a complex of ecosystems, including tidal flats, floodplains, lowlands and plateaux, and provides a habitat for a wide range of rare or endemic species of plants and animals.

Photos from Landolia

Nourlangie Rock, Kakadu National Park Kakadu National Park

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Australia, Great Barrier Reef

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 26, 2009 at 17:49:41

Location Off the east coast of the Queensland mainland, Australia
Coordinates S18 17 10 E147 41 60
Type Natural
Property 34,870,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1981

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/154 )

The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. It contains the world’s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc. It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong (‘sea cow’) and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction.

Photos from Landolia

Coral reef system, Great Barrier Reef Small island, Great Barrier Reef

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Australia, Sydney Opera House

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 06, 2009 at 10:03:34

Location Sydney, Australia
Coordinates S33 51 24 E151 12 55
Type Cultural
Property 5.80 ha
Date of Inscription 2007

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/166 )

Inaugurated in 1973, the Sydney Opera House is a great architectural work of the 20th century that brings together multiple strands of creativity and innovation in both architectural form and structural design. A great urban sculpture set in a remarkable waterscape, at the tip of a peninsula projecting into Sydney Harbour, the building has had an enduring influence on architecture. The Sydney Opera House comprises three groups of interlocking vaulted ‘shells’ which roof two main performance halls and a restaurant. These shell-structures are set upon a vast platform and are surrounded by terrace areas that function as pedestrian concourses. In 1957, when the project of the Sydney Opera House was awarded by an international jury to Danish architect Jørn Utzon, it marked a radically new approach to construction.

Photos from Landolia

Sydney Opera House by night Sydney Opera House

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Australia, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 03, 2009 at 07:18:23

Location Nearest town/city: Yulara, Australia
Coordinates S25 19 60 E131 0 0
Area 132,566 ha
Established 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/447 )

This park, formerly called Uluru (Ayers Rock – Mount Olga) National Park, features spectacular geological formations that dominate the vast red sandy plain of central Australia. Uluru, an immense monolith, and Kata Tjuta, the rock domes located west of Uluru, form part of the traditional belief system of one of the oldest human societies in the world. The traditional owners of Uluru-Kata Tjuta are the Anangu Aboriginal people.

Photos from Landolia

Ayers Rock, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Kata Tjuta, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Climbing Uluru

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