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Chile

UNESCO World Heritage

Chile, Sewell Mining Town

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 03, 2013 at 15:36:15

Location Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region, Province of Cachapoal, Municipality of Machali, Chile
Coordinates S34 5 4 W70 22 58
Property 17 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1214 )

Situated at 2,000 m in the Andes, 60 km to the east of Rancagua, in an environment marked by extremes of climate, Sewell Mining Town was built by the Braden Copper company in 1905 to house workers at what was to become the world’s largest underground copper mine, El Teniente. It is an outstanding example of the company towns that were born in many remote parts of the world from the fusion of local labour and resources from an industrialized nation, to mine and process high-value natural resources. The town was built on a terrain too steep for wheeled vehicles around a large central staircase rising from the railway station. Along its route formal squares of irregular shape with ornamental trees and plants constituted the main public spaces or squares of the town. The buildings lining the streets are timber, often painted in vivid green, yellow, red and blue. At its peak Sewell numbered 15,000 inhabitants, but was largely abandoned in the 1970s.

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Sewell Mining Town

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Chile, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 03, 2013 at 15:28:16

Location Province of Iquique, Chile
Coordinates S20 12 20.952 W69 47 38.616
Property 573 ha
Date of Inscription 2005

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1178 )

Humberstone and Santa Laura works contain over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture. That culture is manifest in their rich language, creativity, and solidarity, and, above all, in their pioneering struggle for social justice, which had a profound impact on social history. Situated in the remote Pampas, one of the driest deserts on Earth, thousands of pampinos lived and worked in this hostile environment for over 60 years, from 1880, to process the largest deposit of saltpeter in the world, producing the fertilizer sodium nitrate that was to transform agricultural lands in North and South America, and in Europe, and produce great wealth for Chile. Because of the vulnerability of the structures and the impact of a recent earthquake, the site was also placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to help mobilize resources for its conservation.

Photos from Landolia

Humberstone Saltpeter Works Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

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Chile, Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaiso

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 03, 2013 at 15:20:55

Location Fifth Region, Province Valparaíso, Chile
Coordinates S33 2 26.3 W71 37 40.8
Property 23 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/959 )

The colonial city of Valparaíso presents an excellent example of late 19th-century urban and architectural development in Latin America. In its natural amphitheatre-like setting, the city is characterized by a vernacular urban fabric adapted to the hillsides that are dotted with a great variety of church spires. It contrasts with the geometrical layout utilized in the plain. The city has well preserved its interesting early industrial infrastructures, such as the numerous ‘elevators’ on the steep hillsides.

Photos from Landolia

Funicular, Valparaiso Valparaiso

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Chile, Churches of Chiloé

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 03, 2013 at 15:11:32

Location Municipalities of Castro, Chonchi, Dalcahue, Puqueldón, Quemchi, and Quinchao, Chiloé Province, X Region de los Lagos, Chile
Coordinates S42 30 0 W73 46 0
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/971 )

The Churches of Chiloé represent a unique example in Latin America of an outstanding form of ecclesiastical wooden architecture. They represent a tradition initiated by the Jesuit Peripatetic Mission in the 17th and 18th centuries, continued and enriched by the Franciscans during the 19th century and still prevailing today. These churches embody the intangible richness of the Chiloé Archipelago, and bear witness to a successful fusion of indigenous and European culture, the full integration of its architecture in the landscape and environment, as well as to the spiritual values of the communities.

Photos from Landolia

Church of Achao, Churches of Chiloe Church of Nercon, Churches of Chiloe Church of Ichuac, Churches of Chiloe

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Chile, Easter Island, Rapa Nui National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 09, 2009 at 06:44:40

Location Easter Island, province of the Valparaíso Region, Chile
Coordinates S27 8 60 W109 27 0
Property 6,666 ha
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/715 )

Rapa Nui, the indigenous name of Easter Island, bears witness to a unique cultural phenomenon. A society of Polynesian origin that settled there c. A.D. 300 established a powerful, imaginative and original tradition of monumental sculpture and architecture, free from any external influence. From the 10th to the 16th century this society built shrines and erected enormous stone figures known as moai, which created an unrivalled cultural landscape that continues to fascinate people throughout the world.

Photos from Landolia

Ahu Akivi, Moai Statues Sunset, Moai Statues Ahu Ko Te Riku, Moai Statues

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