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Colombia

UNESCO World Heritage

Colombia, Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 06:40:12

Location Colombia
Coordinates N5 28 18 W75 40 54
Property 141,120 ha
Date of Inscription 2011

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1121 )

An exceptional example of a sustainable and productive cultural landscape that is unique and representative of a tradition that is a strong symbol for coffee growing areas worldwide - encompasses six farming landscapes, which include 18 urban centres on the foothills of the western and central ranges of the Cordillera de los Andes in the west of the country. It reflects a centennial tradition of coffee growing in small plots in the high forest and the way farmers have adapted cultivation to difficult mountain conditions. The urban areas, mainly situated on the relatively flat tops of hills above sloping coffee fields, are characterized by the architecture of the Antioquian colonization with Spanish influence. Building materials were, and remain in some areas, cob and pleated cane for the walls with clay tiles for the roofs.

Photos from Landolia

Coffee growing, Coffee-Growers Axis Salento street, Coffee-Growers Axis

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Colombia, Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 06:32:19

Location Valle del Cauca Region, Colombia
Coordinates N3 58 0 W81 36 60
Property 857,500 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1216 )

Located some 506 km off the coast of Colombia, the site includes Malpelo island (350 ha) and the surrounding marine environment (857,150 ha). This vast marine park, the largest no-fishing zone in the Eastern Tropical Pacific, provides a critical habitat for internationally threatened marine species, and is a major source of nutrients resulting in large aggregations of marine biodiversity. It is in particular a ‘reservoir' for sharks, giant grouper and billfish and is one of the few places in the world where sightings of the short-nosed ragged-toothed shark, a deepwater shark, have been confirmed. Widely recognized as one of the top diving sites in the world, due to the presence of steep walls and caves of outstanding natural beauty, these deep waters support important populations of large predators and pelagic species (e.g. aggregations of over 200 hammerhead sharks and over 1,000 silky sharks, whale sharks and tuna have been recorded) in an undisturbed environment where they maintain natural behavioural patterns.

Photos from Landolia

Malpelo Island

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Colombia, San Agustin Archaeological Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 06:22:10

Location Department of Huila: Municipalities of San Augustin and San José de Isnos, Colombia
Coordinates N1 55 0 W76 13 60
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/744 )

The largest group of religious monuments and megalithic sculptures in South America stands in a wild, spectacular landscape. Gods and mythical animals are skilfully represented in styles ranging from abstract to realist. These works of art display the creativity and imagination of a northern Andean culture that flourished from the 1st to the 8th century.

Photos from Landolia

Tomb, San Agustin Archaeological Park Eagle, San Agustin Archaeological Park

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Colombia, National Archeological Park of Tierradentro

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 06:12:06

Location Department of Cauca, in the jurisdiction of the municipality of Inza, in the “corregimiento” of San Andres de Pisimbalá, Colombia
Coordinates N2 34 60 W76 1 60
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/743 )

Several monumental statues of human figures can be seen in the park, which also contains many hypogea dating from the 6th to the 10th century. These huge underground tombs (some burial chambers are up to 12 m wide) are decorated with motifs that reproduce the internal decor of homes of the period. They reveal the social complexity and cultural wealth of a pre-Hispanic society in the northern Andes.

Photos from Landolia

Tierradentro

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Colombia, Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 05:56:30

Location Bolívar Department, Colombia
Coordinates N9 13 60 W74 25 60
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/742 )

Founded in 1540 on the banks of the River Magdalena, Mompox played a key role in the Spanish colonization of northern South America. From the 16th to the 19th century the city developed parallel to the river, with the main street acting as a dyke. The historic centre has preserved the harmony and unity of the urban landscape. Most of the buildings are still used for their original purposes, providing an exceptional picture of what a Spanish colonial city was like.

Photos from Landolia

Chiesa di Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz de Mompox San Francesco Church, Santa Cruz de Mompox

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Colombia, Los Katios National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 05:49:44

Location Provinces of Antioquia and Choco’, Colombia
Coordinates N7 40 0 W77 0 0
Property 72,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/711 )

Extending over 72,000 ha in north-western Colombia, Los Katios National Park comprises low hills, forests and humid plains. An exceptional biological diversity is found in the park, which is home to many threatened animal species, as well as many endemic plants.

Photos from Landolia

Giraffes, Los Katios National Park

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Colombia, Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 22, 2013 at 05:35:16

Location Bolivar Department, Colombia
Coordinates N10 25 0 W75 31 60
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/285 )

Situated in a bay in the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three neighbourhoods: San Pedro, with the cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and the middle class lived; and Gethsemani, the 'popular quarter'.

Photos from Landolia

Reloj Tower, Cartagena San Pedro Claver Square, Cartagena Walls, Cartagena

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