Landolia, a World of Photos
Latest Photos of the World in RSS feed
Sign In

Egypt

Saint Catherine's Monastery, Egypt

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 23, 2008 at 13:10:21 :: Egypt

In the Middle East there are four primary sacred mountains: Mt Ararat in eastern Turkey, the traditional landing place of Noah's ark; Mount Sinai in the Sinai peninsula, the peak where Moses received the Ten Commandments; Mount Moriah or Mount Zion in Israel, where lies the city of Jerusalem and the temple of Solomon; and Mt. Tabor in Israel, the site of the transfiguration of Jesus. Mount Sinai, also called Mount Horeb and Jebel Musa (the ‘Mountain of Moses’) is the center of a greatly venerated pilgrimage destination that includes the Monastery of St. Catherine and the Burning Bush, Elijah’s Plateau, and Plain of ar-Raaha, near Mount Sinai.

Mount St Catherine or Mount Saint Katherine and panorama, Sinai Peninsula (سيناء)


The Monastery of St. Catherine, also known as the Monastery of the Transfiguration, is located in a triangular area between the Desert of El-Tih, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Sinai. It is situated at an altitude of 4854 feet in a small, picturesque gorge. It is a region of wilderness made up of granite rock and rugged mountains which, at first glance, seems inaccessible. In fact, while small towns and villages have grown up on the shores of the two gulfs, only a few Bedouin nomads roam the mountains and arid land inland. Well known mountains dominate this region, including Mount Sinai (2,285 meters), Mount St. Catherine (2,637 meters), Mount Serbal (2,070 meters) and Mount Episteme.

Church Mont Moise (Mont Moïse), Sinai Peninsula


This is the region through which Moses is said to have led his people, eventually to the Promised Land, and there are legends of their passing in many places.(source: touregypt.net)

Visit Saint Catherine's Monastery and Egypt now on Landolia.
0 comment :: Add a comment

Who was Hatshepsut?

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 14, 2007 at 17:21:47 :: Egypt

Her name, Hatshepsut Khenmet-Amun (Hatchepsut; حتشبسوت), means "the united of Amun in front of the Nobles", and she was a queen of Egypt's New Kingdom, the best known of the women who ruled Egypt as pharaohs. She was the daughter of Thutmose I (sometimes read as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis I and meaning Thoth is Born; تحوتمس الأول), the third king of the 18th Dynasty, and her mother was Ahmose Hetep Temhu (أحمس الأول).

Thutmose I was one of Egypt's most successful kings whose military campaigns established the 18th Dynasty. On his death, his son by a minor wife, Thutmose II, became heir to the throne, and he was married to his half-sister, Hatshepsut, whose pure royal bloodline helped legitimise his rule. They had one daughter, princess Neferure (The Beauty of Re).

The obelisk of Hatshepsut at Karnak temple is 29.5 metres tall, and weighs 323 tons


Thutmose II was not a strong person, and many Egyptologists speculate that Hatshepsut may have been the real power behind the throne. When Thutmose II died, the widowed queen became regent to her young stepson, Thutmose III (تحتمس الثالث). Together they ruled for two years, and then Hatshepsut began a gradual transformation to make herself Egypt's king and pharaoh.

She declared herself ruler, calling herself "King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Maatkara and the Daughter of Re." Her adviser was Senmut (sometimes spelled Senemut, Senenmut or Senmout), a low-born man who rose to power with Hatshepsut. He had unprecedented importance and privileges, suggesting that he was either Hatshepsut's lover or the real power behind the throne.

To legitimate her role as Egypt's ruling pharaoh, Hatshepsut dressed in men's attire and assumed the regalia and symbols of royalty, including the headdress, the kilt and traditional false beard. She used masculine grammatical forms in official documents in an attempt to block any opposition, as well as to make Egyptians feel that nothing had changed in their tradition with her arrival on the throne. Hatshepsut also invented stories about her own descent from the god Amun-Re (also spelled Amon, Amoun, Amen; أمون), which are shown in scenes on the walls of her El-Deir El-Bahari (Arabic دير البحري dayr al-baḥrī, literally meaning, "The Northern Monastery") funerary temple.

One of the gigantic stone statues at Karnak


Like all kings of the 18th Dynasty, Hatshepsut built temples, chapels and obelisks in Karnak, Luxor, dedicated to Amun-Re, and to herself as king of Egypt. She was the first king to build a tomb in the Valley of the Kings, and her funerary temple complex, El-Deir El-Bahari, is a masterpiece of Egyptian architecture of the time. It was designed with rows of colonnades that reflect vertical patterns with a backdrop of high cliffs, an outstanding example of architectural harmony between art and nature.

The growing Thutmose III became the commander-in-chief of the army and became known as a warrior king, leading campaigns abroad. Toward the end of Hatshepsut's reign, he led his troops to quell an uprising and shortly after claimed the role of sole king of Egypt.

El-Deir El-Bahari, Hatshepsut's funerary temple complex, east of the Valley of the Kings at Luxor


Hatshepsut wished to dedicate her reign to righteousness, and never intended to replace Thutmose III. Instead of hiding him away or having him killed, as might have been the case, she was careful to give him due respect as king.

In year nine of her 20-year reign, Hatshepsut launched an important trade expedition by sea to the mysterious land of Punt, considered by ancient Egyptians to be a legendary land like El Dorado or Atlantis. The expedition brought back a magnificent array of ivory, ebony and exotic flora and fauna.

Hatshepsut either died or was deposed in the 20th year of her reign in 1482 BC. While there is speculation that Thutmose III resented his stepmother for taking over his position, there is no evidence that foul play was involved in her death.

Hatshepsut was totally erased from Egyptian history until 1903, when British archaeologist Howard Carter (English archaeologist and Egyptologist born in Kensington, England; Hindi: हावर्ड कार्टर; Japanese: ハワード・カーター) found her tomb and her story was rediscovered for the first time in 3,500 years. Though the location of Hatshepsut's tomb is known to be KV20, and her sarcophagus was found inside along with her father's, her mummy was not found until earlier this year.

Article from Bangkok Post | Photos from Landolia.
0 comment :: Add a comment

In The News

Karnak, Egypt

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 10, 2007 at 20:07:56

First pylon of precinct of Amun viewed from the westThe Temple of Karnak, (situated on 100 ha (247 acres) of land; known as Ipet-isut by the ancient Egyptians) is the leading attraction in al-Karnak (Arabic الكرنك), small village in Egypt (مصر), located on the banks of the River Nile (Arabic: النيل) some 2.5 km north of Luxor (Arabic: الأقصر), capital of the Al Uqsur governorate or Luxor Governorate (Arabic: الأقصر ). The name Karnak comes from the nearby village of al-Karnak. Karnak temple is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples. This vast complex was built and enlarged over a thirteen hundred year period. Construction work began in the 16th century BC. Approximately 30 pharaohs contributed to the buildings, enabling it to reach a size, complexity and diversity not seen elsewhere.

Temple of Karnak in EgyptKarnak Temple has three main sacred areas that honour three gods: Montu (مونت) (Precinct of Montu, dedicated to the son of Amun-Re and Mut), an ancient local war-god of the Theban Triad; Amun-Ra (أمون) (Precinct of Amun-Ra, largest of the precincts of the temple complex), the chief god of the Theban Triad; and the goddess Mut or Mout (Precinct of Mut, located to the south of the Amun-Re complex), wife of Amun. Amun, Mut and their son, Khonsu, were members of the sacred family known as the Theban Triad.

The Temple of Amenhotep IV that Akhenaten (إخناتون) (Amenhotep IV) constructed on site was located to the east of the main complex, outside the walls of the Amun-Re precinct. It was destroyed after the death of its builder, and its full extent and lay-out is currently unknown.

Obelisk at Karnak temple, temple of Karnak in EgyptThe Open Air Museum is located to the north of the first courtyard, across from the Sacred Lake (129 X 77 meters, was used for ritual navigation). The main complex, The Temple of Amun, is situated in the center of the entire complex. The Temple of Montu is to the north of the Temple of Amun, and next to it, on the inside of the enclosure wall is the Temple of Ptah, erected by Thutmose III (تحتمس الثالث), while the Temple of Mut is to the south. There is also the small Temple dedicated to Khonsu (خونسو ; alternately Chons, Khensu, Khons, Khonsu or Khonshu), ancient lunar deity, and next to it, an even smaller Temple of Opet.There are a number of smaller temples and chapels spread about Karnak, such as the Temple of Osiris Hek-Djet (Heqadjet), which is actually inside the enclosure wall of the Temple of Amun.

UNESCO World Heritage

Egypt, Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 29, 2012 at 13:35:45

Location Faiyum Governorate, Egypt
Coordinates N29 19 59.988 E30 10 59.988
Property 20,015 ha
Date of Inscription 2005

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1186 )

Wadi Al-Hitan, Whale Valley, in the Western Desert of Egypt, contains invaluable fossil remains of the earliest, and now extinct, suborder of whales, Archaeoceti. These fossils represent one of the major stories of evolution: the emergence of the whale as an ocean-going mammal from a previous life as a land-based animal. This is the most important site in the world for the demonstration of this stage of evolution. It portrays vividly the form and life of these whales during their transition. The number, concentration and quality of such fossils here is unique, as is their accessibility and setting in an attractive and protected landscape. The fossils of Al-Hitan show the youngest archaeocetes, in the last stages of losing their hind limbs. Other fossil material in the site makes it possible to reconstruct the surrounding environmental and ecological conditions of the time.

Photos from Landolia

Wind erosion, Wadi Al-Hitan Fossil, Wadi Al-Hitan

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Egypt, Saint Catherine Area

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 29, 2012 at 11:19:55

Location Governorate of Janub Sina' (South Sinai), Egypt
Coordinates N28 33 22.428 E33 58 31.548
Property 60,100 ha
Date of Inscription 2002

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/954 )

The Orthodox Monastery of St Catherine stands at the foot of Mount Horeb where, the Old Testament records, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The mountain is known and revered by Muslims as Jebel Musa. The entire area is sacred to three world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The Monastery, founded in the 6th century, is the oldest Christian monastery still in use for its initial function. Its walls and buildings of great significace to studies of Byzantine architecture and the Monastery houses outstanding collections of early Christian manuscripts and icons. The rugged mountainous landscape, containing numerous archaeological and religious sites and monuments, forms a perfect backdrop to the Monastery.

Photos from Landolia

Saint Catherine's Monastery

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Egypt, Historic Cairo

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 28, 2012 at 04:16:57

Location Governorate of al-Qahirah (Cairo), Egypt
Coordinates N30 3 0 E31 15 39.996
Property 524 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/89 )

Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world's oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century.

Photos from Landolia

Al-Hakim Mosque, Islamic Cairo Gate of Cairo, Islamic Cairo

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Egypt, Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 27, 2012 at 08:56:53

Location Governorate of Aswan, Egypt
Coordinates N22 20 11.004 E31 37 33.996
Property 374 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/88 )

This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.

Photos from Landolia

Ramesses II Temple, Abu Simbel Temple, Philae

More photos:


Egypt, Abu Mena

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 27, 2012 at 06:56:30

Location Mariut desert, District of Burg al-Arab, Gouvernate of Al Iskandariyah (Alexandria), Egypt
Coordinates N30 51 0 E29 40 0
Property 183 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90 )

The church, baptistry, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses and workshops in this early Christian holy city were built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in A.D. 296.

Photos from Landolia

Ruins, Abu Mena Christian monastery, Abu Mena

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Egypt, Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 21, 2009 at 13:25:20

Location Egypt
Coordinates N25 43 59.988 E32 36 0
Type Cultural
Property 7,390 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87 )

Thebes, the city of the god Amon, was the capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms. With the temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, Thebes is a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.

Photos from Landolia

Temple of Luxor Valley of the Kings

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Egypt, Memphis and its Necropolis - the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 03, 2009 at 17:07:55

Location Egypt
Coordinates N29 58 33.744 E31 7 49.476
Property 16,359 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86 )

The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Photos from Landolia

Great sphinx, Giza pyramid complex Sphinx of Giza, Giza pyramid complex Khafre, Giza pyramid complex
Pyramid complex Great Sphinx, Giza pyramid complex Sphinx de Gizeh

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map



On the companion Blog to Landolia, choose your next destination, and prepare your trip. Do you have an interesting travel article? If so Contact us and share it.

Categories

Archives