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Fiji, or the most recent coup d'Etat in the World

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 25, 2007 at 11:48:08 :: Fiji

Fiji (Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti; Hindustānī: फ़िजी, فِجی), officially the Republic of the Fiji Islands, is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. The country occupies an archipelago of about 322 islands, of which 106 are permanently inhabited, and 522 islets. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the population.

Sunset on Waya Island, Yasawa Group, Fiji

Other important towns include Nadi (the location of the international airport), and Lautoka (the location of a large sugar mill and a sea-port). The main towns on Vanua Levu are Labasa and Savusavu. Other islands and island groups include Taveuni and Kadavu (the third and fourth largest islands respectively), the Mamanuca Group (just outside Nadi) and Yasawa Group, which are popular tourist destinations, the Lomaiviti Group, outside of Suva, and the remote Lau Group. Rotuma, some 500 kilometres (310 mi) north of the archipelago, has a special administrative status in Fiji.

The name Fiji is the old Tongan word for the islands, which in turn is derived from the Fijian name Viti.

HNacula Island, panorama, Fiji

The official languages are Fijian, English and Hindi. Yes, Hindi, or more precisely a Fijian form of Hindi is spoken by the Indian population. Among the 900 000 inhabitants, 38% are Hindus (and 53% Christian, 8% Muslims, and 1% Sikhs).

A military coup d'état led by Commodore Frank Bainimarama deposed the civilian government of Laisenia Qarase on 5 December 2006, with Bainimarama declaring that he had "reluctantly" assumed the functions of the Presidency in an interim capacity. He handed the presidency back to Ratu Josefa Iloilo on 4 January 2007, and was appointed interim Prime Minister by Iloilo the next day. (source Wikipedia)

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