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Ushguli, Georgia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 18, 2008 at 12:46:05 :: Georgia

Ushguli or Ushkuli (Georgian: უშგული) is a community of villages located at the head of the Enguri gorge in Upper Svaneti, Georgia. Ushguli comprises of four villages:

- Zhibiani (Georgian: ჟიბიანი) some 2100 m above sea level;
- Chvibiani or Chubiani (Georgian: ჩვიბიანი);
- Chazhashi or Chajashi (Georgian: ჩაჟაში);
- Murqmeli (Georgian: მურყმელი).

Svaneti tower and Lamaria church (12th century). Ushguli.


The Ushguli villages contain buildings that are part of the UNESCO Heritage site of Upper Svaneti.

Altitude claims for Ushguli villages vary from 2086 to 2200 metres and it is sometimes referred to as the highest village in Europe.

About 70 families, approximately 250 people live in the village, which dates back more than 2000 years. For 6 winter months, snow covers the whole place and often the road to Mestia is closed. However, a small school is always open and life goes on.

Ushguli village with its Svanetian tower, Svaneti, surrounded by mountains like the Tetnuldi (4,974m./16,319ft.), Shota Rustaveli (4,960m./16,273ft.), Mt. Ushba (4,710m./15,453ft.), and Ailama (4,525m./14,842ft.), Georgia


The superb location of Ushguli and the unique lifestyle of the people in the village turn the place into a popular destination to visit. The road from Mestia to Ushguli is rough and requires a 4WD vehicle with a journey time of about 2 to 3 hours. The severe location isolates Ushguli from the rest of modernized Georgia, and as a result, many Svanetian religious and cultural traditions have remained virtually intact. However, in recent years economic pressures have been forcing more and more young Svans into cities and now the future longevity of one of Georgia's oldest tribes is fading.

Visit Ushguli and Georgia now, on Landolia.
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In The News

Svaneti province, Georgia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 08, 2008 at 13:27:11

View of Ushguli with the Svanetian tower, at the feet of Shkhara one of the higher Caucasian summits, Upper Svaneti, GeorgiaSvaneti (also Svanetia - Georgian: სვანეთი) is a historic province in Georgia (საქართველო), in the northwestern part of the country. It is inhabited by the Svans (სვანები), an ethnographic group of the Georgian people. They speak the Svan language (ლუშნუ ნინ/შკა̈ნ).

Surrounded by 3000-5000 meter peaks, Svanetia is the highest inhabited area in Europe. At 2200 m, the village of Chazhashi or Chajashi (ჩაჟაში), in the Upper Svaneti Region, is sometimes referred to as the highest village in Europe. Four of the 10 highest peaks of the Caucasus (კავკასია), which comprises Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and part of Southern Russia, are located in the region. The highest mountain in Georgia, Mount Shkhara (შხარა) at 5,201 meters (17,059 feet), is located in the province. Other prominent peaks include Tetnuldi (4,974m./16,319ft.), Shota Rustaveli (4,960m./16,273ft.), Mt. Ushba (უშბა - 4,710m./15,453ft.), and Ailama (4,525m./14,842ft.).

Ushba mountain, Caucasus Mountains, Svaneti, GeorgiaSituated on the southern slopes of the central Greater Caucasus (კავკასიონი), Svanetia, divided into Upper Svanetia and Lower Svanetia, extends over the upper valleys of the Rioni River (რიონი), Enguri River (ენგური) and Tskhenistskali.

To visit:

- Ushguli or Ushkuli (უშგული) community of villages located at the head of the Enguri gorge in Upper Svaneti, with its four villages (Altitude between 2086 to 2200 m): Zhibiani (ჟიბიანი), Chvibiani or Chubiani (ჩვიბიანი), Chazhashi or Chajashi (ჩაჟაში), and Murqmeli (მურყმელი), including the Svanetian towers erected mainly in the 9th-12th centuries, buildings that are part of the UNESCO Heritage site of Upper Svaneti.

- The Kodori Valley (or Kodori Gorge - კოდორის ხეობა), river valley in Abkhazia (აფხაზეთი).

- Dozens of Georgian Orthodox churches, picturesque landscapes, the Botany of Svanetia and much more...

UNESCO World Heritage

Georgia, Historical Monuments of Mtskheta

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 02, 2013 at 10:40:17

Location City of Mtskheta, Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Georgia
Coordinates N41 50 38.004 E44 42 59.004
Property 3.85 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/708 )

The historic churches of Mtskheta, former capital of Georgia, are outstanding examples of medieval religious architecture in the Caucasus. They show the high artistic and cultural level attained by this ancient kingdom.

Photos from Landolia

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral Jvari Monastery

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Georgia, Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 02, 2013 at 10:27:42

Location City of Kutaisi, Region of Imereti, Georgia
Coordinates N42 15 43.992 E42 42 59.004
Property 7.87 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/710 )

The construction of Bagrati Cathedral, named after Bagrat III, the first king of united Georgia, started at the end of the 10th century and was completed in the early years of the 11th century. Although partly destroyed by the Turks in 1691, its ruins still lie in the centre of Kutaisi. The Gelati Monastery, whose main buildings were erected between the 12th and 17th centuries, is a well-preserved complex, with wonderful mosaics and wall paintings. The cathedral and monastery represent the flowering of medieval architecture in Georgia.

Photos from Landolia

Gelati Monastery Bagrati Cathedral

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Georgia, Upper Svaneti

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 06, 2009 at 12:00:57

Location Village of Chajashi, Mestia district, Region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni, Georgia
Coordinates N42 54 59.004 E43 0 41.004
Property 1.06 ha
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/709 )

Preserved by its long isolation, the Upper Svaneti region of the Caucasus is an exceptional example of mountain scenery with medieval-type villages and tower-houses. The village of Chazhashi still has more than 200 of these very unusual houses, which were used both as dwellings and as defence posts against the invaders who plagued the region.

Photos from Landolia

Ushguli village Ushguli

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map



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