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Greece

Santorini

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, August 08, 2010 at 07:53:33 :: Greece

The world famous island of Santorini, also known as Thera (or Thira), is the southern most island of the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea, and is located 63 nautical miles (200 km) north of Crete.

Its surface area is of approximately 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and its population, distributed among thirteen villages, just exceeds thirteen thousand six hundred people, according to the census of 2001.

Oia community on the islands of Thira (Santorini) and Therasia, and view on the Aegean Sea, in the Cyclades, Greece


It is composed of the Municipality of Thira (pop. 12,440) and the Community of Oía (Οία, pop. 1,230, which includes 268 inhabitants resident on the offshore island of Therasia, lying to the west). These have a total land area of 90.623 km2 (34.990 sq mi), which also includes the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi, and Christiana (all part of the Municipality of Thira).

Many reasons made this island famous worldwide and more or less we all have seen a picture of it (it was that picture the travel agency used for Greece). There is a talk about the connection between Thira and mythical Atlantis. Also Jules Verne made Santorini famous with its books "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" and "The mysterious island" where captain Nemo and his crew watch the volcano eruption. He was one of the visitors and scientists that came to Thira during the eruptions of 1866 - 1870 and wrote the well known book just after it. It is realy the mysterious island, the volcano rules, the caldera view is the most breathtaking one on the planet!

Panoramic view of Santorini island from Oia (Greek Οία) on the islands of Thira (Santorini) and Therasia, in the Cyclades, Greece


Weather Conditions:

The climate in Santorini is typical of the Mediterranean climate: generally extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year, relatively warm and dry summers and mild and rainy winters.

The year can be broadly subdivided into two main seasons: the warm and dry season lasting from April until October and the cold and rainy season lasting from November until the end of March. Long periods of consecutive rainy days are not common in Santorini, even during the winter, and the sky does not remain cloudy for more than a few days in a row, as it does in other regions of the world.

During the warm and dry season the weather is usually stable, the sky is clear, the sun is bright and there is generally no rainfall. A sweater/jacket is advised, especially in April and October, as evenings often bring cooler temperatures.

Landolia tip:

The Santorini Guidebook 2010 is the printed edition of www.santorini.net and is available free of charge. It has 216 pages and is written in Greek and English.

To e-browse the Santorini Guidebook 2010, to download it in pdf files or order it in the e-shop and get is anywhere (with only charge of postal and packing fees) you can visit santoriniguidebook.gr

Visit Santorini and Greece now on Landolia.
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Acropolis of Athens, Greece

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 09, 2009 at 16:41:34 :: Greece

The Acropolis of Athens (Ακρόπολη Αθηνών) is an archaeological site perched atop an impressive rock, on a 3 hectare area, which rises 150 m (490 ft) above sea level in the city of Athens (Αθήνα). It's the most visited monument in Greece today.

The Acropolis rock is part of a Late Cretaceous limestone ridge that cuts through the Attica plateau in the northeast to the southwest axis and includes the Likavitos hill, the Philopappos hill (Hill of the Muses - Mouseion Hill), the hill of the Nymphs, and the Pnyx (Πνυξ).

The Acropolis of Athens with the Parthenon (Παρθενών), the Propylaea (Προπυλαια) and the Erechtheum (Έρέχθειον Erechtheion) in Athens, Greece


The temples of the Acropolis of Athens were destroyed or burned several times in ancient times. The Parthenon and other main buildings on the Acropolis were rebuilt under the leadership of Pericles during the Golden Age of Athens (460–430 BC) by Phidias, a great Athenian sculptor and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects. The most important monuments were built during the second half of the fifth century BC: the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small temple Athena Nike.

The Parthenon (ancient Greek: Παρθενών), built for the Greek goddess Athena on the Acropolis of Athens


Archaeological remains:

The entrance to the Acropolis was a monumental gateway called the Propylaea (Propylea - Προπυλαια - designed by the architect Mnesicles) which was completed in 432 just before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian wars. To the south of the entrance is the tiny Temple of Athena Nike which commemorates the Athenians victory over the Persians. A bronze statue of Athena, sculpted by Phidias, originally stood at its centre. At the centre of the Acropolis is the Parthenon (Παρθενώνας) or Temple of Athena Parthenos (Athena the Virgin). East of the entrance and north of the Parthenon is the temple known as the Erechtheum (Έρέχθειον Erechtheion), built between 421 and 407 BCE by an architect who may have been Mnesicles. South of the platform that forms the top of the Acropolis there are also the remains of an outdoor theatre called Theatre of Dionysus (Θέατρο του Διονύσου). A few hundred meters away, there is the now partially reconstructed Theatre of Herodes Atticus (Odeon of Herodes Atticus - Ωδείο Ηρώδου του Αττικού), stone theatre structure located on the south slope of the Acropolis of Athens.



Site plan

1. Parthenon
2. Old Temple of Athena
3. Erechtheum
4. Statue of Athena Promachos
5. Propylaea
6. Temple of Athena Nike
7. Eleusinion
8. Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia or Brauroneion
9. Chalkotheke
10. Pandroseion
11. Arrephorion
12. Altar of Athena
13. Sanctuary of Zeus Polieus
14. Sanctuary of Pandion
15. Odeon of Herodes Atticus
16. Stoa of Eumenes
17. Sanctuary of Asclepius or Asclepieion
18. Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus
19. Odeon of Pericles
20. Temenos of Dionysus Eleuthereus
21. Aglaureion

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UNESCO World Heritage

Greece, Archaeological Site of Olympia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 09, 2012 at 10:23:48

Location Prefecture of Ilia, Region of West Greece in the Western Peloponnese, Greece
Coordinates N37 38 60 E21 40 0
Property 106 ha
Date of Inscription 1989

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/517 )

The site of Olympia, in a valley in the Peloponnesus, has been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 10th century B.C., Olympia became a centre for the worship of Zeus. The Altis – the sanctuary to the gods – has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces from the ancient Greek world. In addition to temples, there are the remains of all the sports structures erected for the Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia every four years beginning in 776 B.C.

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Altar, Olympia

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Greece, Meteora

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2012 at 14:33:24

Location Prefecture of Trikala, Region of Thessaly, Greece
Coordinates N39 43 0.012 E21 37 59.988
Property 272 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/455 )

In a region of almost inaccessible sandstone peaks, monks settled on these 'columns of the sky' from the 11th century onwards. Twenty-four of these monasteries were built, despite incredible difficulties, at the time of the great revival of the eremetic ideal in the 15th century. Their 16th-century frescoes mark a key stage in the development of post-Byzantine painting.

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Rousanou monastery

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Greece, Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2010 at 14:04:14

Location Prefecture of Argolis, Region of the Peloponnesos, Greece
Coordinates N37 40 0 E23 7 0
Property 1,394 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/491 )

In a small valley in the Peloponnesus, the shrine of Asklepios, the god of medicine, developed out of a much earlier cult of Apollo (Maleatas), during the 6th century BC at the latest, as the official cult of the city state of Epidaurus. Its principal monuments, particularly the temple of Asklepios, the Tholos and the Theatre - considered one of the purest masterpieces of Greek architecture – date from the 4th century. The vast site, with its temples and hospital buildings devoted to its healing gods, provides valuable insight into the healing cults of Greek and Roman times.

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Theater, Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus

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Greece, Archaeological Site of Delphi

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 31, 2010 at 13:52:22

Location Delphi, Prefecture of Phokis, Region of Central Greece
Coordinates N38 28 53.364 E22 29 46.212
Property 51 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/393 )

The pan-Hellenic sanctuary of Delphi, where the oracle of Apollo spoke, was the site of the omphalos, the 'navel of the world'. Blending harmoniously with the superb landscape and charged with sacred meaning, Delphi in the 6th century B.C. was indeed the religious centre and symbol of unity of the ancient Greek world.

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Theatre, Archaeological Site of Delphi

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