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Abdullah II of Jordan and the Hashemites

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 09, 2014 at 04:52:08 :: Jordan

A Coptic Church on the left, example of Amman's religious diversity and King Abdullah I Mosque, on the right, built between 1982 and 1989 in Amman, JordanAbdullah II bin Al-Hussein (Arabic: الملك عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين‎, al-Malik ʿAbdullāh aṯ-ṯānī bin al-Ḥusayn; born 30 January 1962) is the reigning King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. He ascended the throne on 7 February 1999 upon the death of his father King Hussein. King Abdullah, whose mother is Princess Muna al-Hussein, is a member of the Hashemite family. Since 1993, Abdullah has been married to Queen Rania of Jordan.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with an appointed government. The reigning monarch is the chief executive and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The king exercises his executive authority through the prime ministers and the Council of Ministers, or cabinet. The cabinet, meanwhile, is responsible before the democratically elected House of Deputies which, along with the House of Notables (Senate), constitutes the legislative branch of the government.

The judicial branch is an independent branch of the government. In 2010, king Abdullah II was chosen as the fourth most influential Muslim in the world.

THE HASHEMITES (Source: King Abdullah II Official Website )

The roots of the Hashemite Family reach back to the Prophet Abraham and his son, Ishmael. In the 5th century AD, an Arab leader named Qusai Bin Kilab, of the tribe of Quraysh, descendants of Ishmael, assumed power in the city of Mecca. Even before the Islamic era, Mecca was a center of international trade and the spiritual capital of the region. Qusai was the first of many Hashemites to rule the holy city. He forged an annual pact between warring tribes to ease the passage of pilgrims and protect caravans, a contract which was the first of its kind and marked a new era for both the city and Arab society.

The Hashemite name is derived from Hashem, a grandson of Qusai and the great-grandfather of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). The Hashemites of Jordan are thus direct descendants of the Prophet through his daughter, Fatima, and her husband, Ali.

The Abbasids, Islamic caliphs from the 8th to 13th century AD, were also of Hashemite lineage. During the Abbasid Empire, the Hashemites were revered as tribal chiefs in the Arabian Peninsula, known for resolving disputes and mediating between clans. When the Abbasid Empire collapsed, the Hashemite family remained as tribal leaders in their home region of the Hijaz (the east coast of the Red Sea) and as emirs in the holy city of Mecca, which they ruled into the 20th century.

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Petra, Jordan

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 21, 2007 at 10:19:31 :: Jordan

Petra (from πέτρα "petra", rock in Greek; Arabic: البتراء, al-Bitrā) is an archaeological site in Jordan, lying in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Wadi Araba, the great valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is famous for having many stone structures carved into the rock.

Petra, lying in a basin which form the eastern flank of Wadi Araba, the great valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba, Jordan


The ancient city of Petra is about two hours North of Aqaba. 2000 years ago Petra was a refuge for nomadic Nabateans who travelled North from Arabia. From a few caves in a rocky outcrop they created Petra as a concealed fortress city.

Detail of Petra (ar: البتراء), archaeological site in Jordan


Visit Petra, Amman and all Jordan now, on TWIP!
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In The News

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 27, 2007 at 23:31:00

Petra, lying in a basin which form the eastern flank of Wadi Araba, the great valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba, JordanThe Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية ) or Jordan (Arabic: الأردنّ), is located in the Middle East and borders Syria, Saudi Arabia, the Red Sea, Palestine, Israel, and Iraq. It's a land steeped in history. It has been home to some of mankind's earliest settlements and villages, and relics of many of the worlds great civilizations can still be seen today.Qasr Kharana (Arabic: قصر خرّانة), desert castles, eastern Jordan

You can visit all the major attractions such as Petra, Amman, Jerash, Wadi Rum, Jordan Valley & The Dead Sea (fr: la Mer Morte), Aqaba, Azraq & Shawmari, Karak, Ajloun, Irbid, Umm Qais, Madaba and many more...


UNESCO World Heritage

Jordan, Wadi Rum Protected Area

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2013 at 05:27:19

Location Jordan
Coordinates N29 38 23 E35 26 2
Property 74,180 ha
Date of Inscription 2011

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1377 )

The 74,000-hectare property, inscribed as a mixed natural and cultural site, is situated in southern Jordan, near the border with Saudi Arabia. It features a varied desert landscape consisting of a range of narrow gorges, natural arches, towering cliffs, ramps, massive landslides and caverns. Petroglyphs, inscriptions and archaeological remains in the site testify to 12,000 years of human occupation and interaction with the natural environment. The combination of 25,000 rock carvings with 20,000 inscriptions trace the evolution of human thought and the early development of the alphabet. The site illustrates the evolution of pastoral, agricultural and urban activity in the region.

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Valley of the Moon, Wadi Rum Wadi Rum

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Jordan, Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2013 at 05:06:35

Location Madaba Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates N31 30 6.012 E35 55 14.016
Property 24 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1093 )

Most of this archaeological site, which started as a Roman military camp and grew to become a town from the 5th century, has not been excavated. It contains remains from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Muslim periods (end of 3rd to 9th centuries AD) and a fortified Roman military camp. The site also has 16 churches, some with well-preserved mosaic floors. Particularly noteworthy is the mosaic floor of the Church of Saint Stephen with its representation of towns in the region. Two square towers are probably the only remains of the practice, well known in this part of the world, of the stylites (ascetic monks who spent time in isolation atop a column or tower). Um er-Rasas is surrounded by, and dotted with, remains of ancient agricultural cultivation in an arid area.

Photos from Landolia

Um er-Rasas Um er-Rasas

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Jordan, Quseir Amra

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2013 at 05:00:14

Location Eastern desert – Az Zarqa' Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates N31 48 6.984 E36 35 8.988
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/327 )

Built in the early 8th century, this exceptionally well-preserved desert castle was both a fortress with a garrison and a residence of the Umayyad caliphs. The most outstanding features of this small pleasure palace are the reception hall and the hammam, both richly decorated with figurative murals that reflect the secular art of the time.

Photos from Landolia

Qasr Amra Quseir Amra

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Jordan, Petra

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 04, 2009 at 07:15:23

Location Ma’an Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates N30 19 50.016 E35 26 35.988
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326 )

Inhabited since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains riddled with passages and gorges. It is one of the world's most famous archaeological sites, where ancient Eastern traditions blend with Hellenistic architecture.

Photos from Landolia

Al Khazneh, Petra Deir, Petra Jebel Al-Khubtha, Petra

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