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Russia

What is an oblast?

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 06, 2010 at 10:36:18 :: Russia

Oblast is a Russian word (область) that describes a type of administrative division in Slavic countries, including some countries of the former Soviet Union. The word "oblast" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "zone", "province", or "region". The last translation may lead to confusion, because the subdivision of "oblast" is called "raion" which is translated as "region" or "district", depending on the context.

Oblasts are a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the now-defunct Soviet Union. Official terms in successor states of the Soviet Union differ, but some still use a cognate of the Russian term, e.g. voblast is used for provinces of Belarus, and oblys (plural: oblystar) for provinces of Kazakhstan.

In the now-dissolved Soviet Union, oblasts were one of the types of administrative divisions of the union republics. As any administrative units of this level, oblasts were composed of districts (raions) and cities/towns directly under oblasts' jurisdiction. Some oblasts also included autonomous entities called autonomous okrugs.

The names of oblasts did not usually correspond to the names of the respective historical regions, as they were created as purely administrative units. With a few exceptions, Soviet oblasts were named after their administrative centers.

The oblasts in other post-Soviet countries are officially called:

* Armenia: marz
* Belarus: voblast (vobłaść)
* Georgia: mkhare
* Kazakhstan: oblys
* Kyrgyzstan: oblast
* Tajikistan: viloyat
* Turkmenistan: welayat
* Uzbekistan: viloyat

Viloyat and welayat are derived from the Arabic language term wilāya (ولاية).

Golden Mountains of Altai, Russia - Chulyshman valley with Chulyshman River (Russian: Чулышман), Altai Republic, Siberia.


Oblasts of Russia:

According to the Constitution of Russia, oblasts are considered to be subjects of the Federation, which is a higher status than that of administrative units they had within the Russian SFSR before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The federal subject status gives the oblasts some degree of autonomy and gives them representation in the Federation Council.

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Saint Petersburg, Russia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 22, 2008 at 07:08:25 :: Russia

Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr.: Sankt-Peterburg, Russian pronunciation: [sankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk]) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The city's other names were Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924) and Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991). It is often called just Petersburg (Петербу́рг) and is informally known as Piter (Пи́тер).

Griboyedov Canal or Kanal Griboyedova (Russian: кана́л Грибое́дова), which starts from the Moyka River (Мойка) near the Field of Mars (Ма́рсово по́ле) and flows into the Fontanka River (Фонтанка), Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)


Founded by Tsar Peter I of Russia on May 27, 1703, it was the capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years (1713-1728, 1732-1918). Saint Petersburg ceased being the capital in 1918 after the Russian Revolution of 1917. It is Russia's second largest and Europe's fourth largest city (by city limit) after Moscow, London and Paris. 4.6 million people live in the city, and over 6 million people live in the city's vicinity. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.

Saint Petersburg has been dubbed the Venice of the North for its palace-lined waterways. It managed to escape the architectural incursions of Stalinism and its grandiose relics of tsarist days are largely intact. Sculpted by islands and the sinuous Neva River, the city is a vista of geometric elegance.

Within Saint Petersburg's geometry is a dust-devil of influences and styles and a bewitching vortex of life's extremes. It's breathtakingly gorgeous, it's ruefully falling apart; it's viscerally sensual, it's crude and vulgar; its very essence gets under your skin, but remains forever outside your grasp.

The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (Храм Спаса на Крови), Russian Orthodox churches of St. Petersburg, from the Tripartite Bridge or Three-Arched Bridge (Russian: Трехколенный мост, Трехарочный мост, or Тройной мост), Russia


Less than three centuries have passed since Peter the Great began building his grand city, but it is difficult to visit its vast, crystalline squares and palaces without feeling the enormity of the gulf that separates that time from our own. All of which, of course, makes St. Petersburg more evocative of Russia's past than any place except perhaps the Moscow Kremlin. This impression is only deepened by a more familiar acquaintance. The enigmatic homeliness of Peter's cottage and the city's placid canals may contrast with the brooding grandeur of the Winter Palace, but they share with it a graceful stillness that is difficult to forget.

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In The News

Saint Petersburg delusions of grandeur, Russia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 30, 2007 at 15:59:20

The Church of the Savior on BloodFounded by Tsar Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) on May 27, 1703, Saint Petersburg (fr. Saint-Pétersbourg; ru. Санкт-Петербург), located in Northwestern Federal District (Се́веро-За́падный федера́льный о́круг) of Russia (Росси́я) on the Neva River (Нева́) at the east end of the Gulf of Finland (Финский залив) on the Baltic Sea (Балтийское море), was entirely built on former marshlands. The city's other names were Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924) and Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991). It continued to develop under the reign of several Tsars, with the help of architects from all over Europe. Christened "the cradle of the Revolution" at the dawn of the 20th century, it took Nicolas II into exile in 1917. Refurbished in 2003 for its tri-centenary, it now offers its most beautiful facets and is well worth visiting all year round: in summer, you benefit from the gardens and fountains, and also the White Nights, few weeks around the summer solstice in June in areas of high latitude during which darkness is never complete due to late sunsets and early sunrises. In winter, you'll discover the charm of trees immobilized by frost and domes covered in snow.

View of the Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg, RussiaBaroque, classical or revolutionary, here, all the various styles coexist. Even the "Russian Versailles", Peterhof (Петерго́ф, Petergof), is on the program, at the summer residence of Peter the Great, located about twenty kilometers west and six kilometers south of St. Petersburg, featuring countless statues and the fountains (The Grand Cascade and Samson Fountain). In itself alone, the State Hermitage Museum (Государственный Эрмитаж, Gosudarstvennyj Èrmitaž) extends over 22,000 m2, housing the largest collection of paintings from the 18th and 19th centuries (strong points of the Hermitage collection of Western art include Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Rubens, van Dyck, Rembrandt, Poussin, Claude Lorrain, Watteau, Tiepolo, Canaletto, Canova, Rodin, Monet, Pissarro, Renoir, Cézanne, van Gogh, Gauguin, Picasso, and Matisse).

Museums and popular sites are:

View of Grand Peterhof Palace and the Grand Cascade, located about twenty kilometers of St. Petersburg, Russia- The Peter and Paul Fortress (Петропа́вловская кре́пость - Fortress of SS Peter and Paul), including the Peter and Paul Cathedral , designed by Domenico Trezzini and founded in 1703.

- The Winter Palace (Зимний дворец) located between the Palace Embankment (Дворцовая набережная) and the Palace Square, connecting Nevsky Prospekt with Palace Bridge leading to Vasilievsky Island, bordered by the rivers Bolshaya Neva (Больша́я Нева́) and Malaya Neva (Малая Нева).

- The State Russian Museum, formerly the Russian Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III, housed by the Mikhailovsky Palace, designed by Carlo Rossi, constructed in 1819-1825.

- The Summer Garden (Ле́тний сад, Letniy Sad) occupies an island between the Fontanka, Moika, and the Swan Canal.

- The Suvorov Memorial Museum (Музей Суворова) dedicated to the memory of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov (1729-1800).

- The Narva Triumphal Gate (На́рвские триумфа́льные воро́та), erected in the vast Narva Square in 1814 to commemorate the Russian victory over Napoleon.

- The church of Sts. Simon and Anna, the patrons saints of Empress Anna (1734, designed by Mikhail Zemtsov).

- The Saint Petersburg Mosque (Санкт-Петербу́ргская мече́ть).

- The St. Michael's Castle (Михайловский замок, Mikhailovsky zamok), also called the Mikhailovsky Castle or the Engineer Castle (Инженерный замок, Inzhenerny zamok), former royal residence.

- The Kunstkamera (Кунсткамера) or Kunstkamera, the first museum in Russia.

The historic center of St. Petersburg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Moscow, Russia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 05, 2007 at 11:51:30

Saint Basil's Cathedral or Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat (Собор Покрова что на Рву) or Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed located on the Red Square, commissioned by Ivan the Terrible and built between 1555 and 1561 in Moscow to commemorate the capture of the Khanate of Kazan - RussiaMoscow (Москва), located on the Moskva River (Москва река) in the Central Federal District (Центральный федеральный округ Российской Федерации), is the capital of Russia. Moscow is the site of the famous Kremlin (Московский Кремль), historic fortified complex, serving as the official residence of the President of Russia.

The State Historical Museum seen from Red Square in Moscow, RussiaYou can also visit the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя), tallest Eastern Orthodox church in the world, situated on the bank of the Moskva River; the State Historical Museum (Государственный исторический музей), museum of Russian history, standing between Red Square (Красная площадь) and Manege Square (Манежная площадь); Saint Basil's Cathedral (Собор Василия Блаженного) also known as the Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat, multi-tented church on the southeast end of Red Square, just across from the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin.

View of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow, RussiaLandolia features also new photos of Saint Petersburg and its Winter Palace (Зимний дворец) located between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, Kazan Cathedral (Казанский собор в Санкт-Петербурге). The Saint Isaac's Cathedral (Исаакиевский собор) is dedicated to Saint Isaac of Dalmatia, a patron saint of Peter the Great who was born on the feast day of that saint.


UNESCO World Heritage

Russia, Lena Pillars Nature Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 17, 2014 at 15:41:40

Location Russia
Coordinates N60 40 0 E127 0 0
Property 1,272,150 ha
Date of Inscription 2012

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1299 )

Lena Pillars Nature Park is marked by spectacular rock pillars that reach a height of approximately 100 m along the banks of the Lena River in the central part of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). They were produced by the region’s extreme continental climate with an annual temperature range of almost 100 degrees Celsius (from –60 °C in winter to +40 °C in summer). The pillars form rocky buttresses isolated from each other by deep and steep gullies developed by frost shattering directed along intervening joints. Penetration of water from the surface has facilitated cryogenic processes (freeze-thaw action), which have widened gullies between pillars leading to their isolation. Fluvial processes are also critical to the pillars. The site also contains a wealth of Cambrian fossil remains of numerous species, some of them unique.

Photos from Landolia

Rock pillars, Lena Pillars Nature Park

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Russia, Putorana Plateau

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 17, 2014 at 15:31:56

Location Russia
Coordinates N69 2 49 E94 9 29
Property 1,887,251 ha
Date of Inscription 2010

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1234 )

This site coincides with the area of the Putoransky State Nature Reserve, and is located in the central part of the Putorana Plateau in northern Central Siberia. It is situated about 100 km north of the Arctic Circle. The part of the plateau inscribed on the World Heritage List harbours a complete set of subarctic and arctic ecosystems in an isolated mountain range, including pristine taiga, forest tundra, tundra and arctic desert systems, as well as untouched cold-water lake and river systems. A major reindeer migration route crosses the property, which represents an exceptional, large-scale and increasingly rare natural phenomenon.

Photos from Landolia

Putorana Plateau

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Russia, Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 17, 2014 at 15:21:27

Location Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia
Coordinates N57 39 10.008 E39 52 33.996
Property 110 ha
Date of Inscription 2005

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1170 )

Situated at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosl Rivers some 250 km north-east of Moscow, the historic city of Yaroslavl developed into a major commercial centre from the 11th century. It is renowned for its numerous 17th-century churches and is an outstanding example of the urban planning reform Empress Catherine the Great ordered for the whole of Russia in 1763. While keeping some of its significant historic structures, the town was renovated in the neoclassical style on a radial urban master plan. It has also kept elements from the 16th century in the Spassky Monastery, one of the oldest in the Upper Volga region, built on the site of a pagan temple in the late 12th century but reconstructed over time.

Photos from Landolia

Church of Elijah the Prophet, Yaroslavl St. John the Baptist Church, Yaroslavl

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Russia, Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 17, 2014 at 15:08:30

Location City of Moscow, Russia
Coordinates N55 43 34 E37 33 18.3
Property 5.18 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1097 )

The Novodevichy Convent, in south-western Moscow, built in the 16th and 17th centuries in the so-called Moscow Baroque style, was part of a chain of monastic ensembles that were integrated into the defence system of the city. The convent was directly associated with the political, cultural and religious history of Russia, and closely linked to the Moscow Kremlin. It was used by women of the Tsar’s family and the aristocracy. Members of the Tsar’s family and entourage were also buried in its cemetery. The convent provides an example of the highest accomplishments of Russian architecture with rich interiors and an important collection of paintings and artefacts.

Photos from Landolia

View of Novodevichy Convent Novodevichy Convent bell-tower

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Russia, Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 11, 2014 at 10:41:06

Location Dagestan, Eastern Caucasus, Western coast of Caspian Sea, Russia
Coordinates N42 3 10.7 E48 17 49.9
Property 9.70 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1070 )

The Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent were part of the northern lines of the Sasanian Persian Empire, which extended east and west of the Caspian Sea. The fortification was built in stone. It consisted of two parallel walls that formed a barrier from the seashore up to the mountain. The town of Derbent was built between these two walls, and has retained part of its medieval fabric. The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century.

Photos from Landolia

Derbent Citadel

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Russia, Central Sikhote-Alin

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 11, 2014 at 10:15:09

Location Ternejski, Krasnoarmejski, Dalnegorski, and Pozharski Districts, Primorski Region, Russia
Coordinates N45 19 60 E136 10 0
Property 406,177 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/766 )

The Sikhote-Alin mountain range contains one the richest and most unusual temperate forests of the world. In this mixed zone between taiga and subtropics, southern species such as the tiger and Himalayan bear cohabit with northern species such as the brown bear and lynx. The site stretches from the peaks of Sikhote-Alin to the Sea of Japan and is important for the survival of many endangered species such as the Amur tiger.

Photos from Landolia

Sopka Hill, Sikhote-Alin

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Russia, Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 10, 2014 at 14:58:01

Location City of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia
Coordinates N55 47 28 E49 5 42
Property 13 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/980 )

Built on an ancient site, the Kazan Kremlin dates from the Muslim period of the Golden Horde and the Kazan Khanate. It was conquered by Ivan the Terrible in 1552 and became the Christian See of the Volga Land. The only surviving Tatar fortress in Russia and an important place of pilgrimage, the Kazan Kremlin consists of an outstanding group of historic buildings dating from the 16th to 19th centuries, integrating remains of earlier structures of the 10th to 16th centuries.

Photos from Landolia

Soyembika tower of the Kazan Kremlin Spasskaya Tower of the Kazan Kremlin

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Russia, Ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 10, 2014 at 14:45:06

Location Vologda region, Russia
Coordinates N59 57 0 E38 34 0
Property 2.10 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/982 )

The Ferapontov Monastery, in the Vologda region in northern Russia, is an exceptionally well-preserved and complete example of a Russian Orthodox monastic complex of the 15th-17th centuries, a period of great significance in the development of the unified Russian state and its culture. The architecture of the monastery is outstanding in its inventiveness and purity. The interior is graced by the magnificent wall paintings of Dionisy, the greatest Russian artist of the end of the 15th century.

Photos from Landolia

Ferapontov Monastery

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Russia, Western Caucasus

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 07, 2014 at 14:45:45

Location Krasnodar Region, Russia
Coordinates N44 0 0 E40 0 0
Property 298,903 ha
Date of Inscription 1999

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/900 )

The Western Caucasus, extending over 275,000 ha of the extreme western end of the Caucasus mountains and located 50 km north-east of the Black Sea, is one of the few large mountain areas of Europe that has not experienced significant human impact. Its subalpine and alpine pastures have only been grazed by wild animals, and its extensive tracts of undisturbed mountain forests, extending from the lowlands to the subalpine zone, are unique in Europe. The site has a great diversity of ecosystems, with important endemic plants and wildlife, and is the place of origin and reintroduction of the mountain subspecies of the European bison.

Photos from Landolia

View of Western Caucasus

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Russia, Volcanoes of Kamchatka

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 07, 2014 at 14:35:42

Location Russia
Coordinates N56 19 60 E158 30 0
Property 3,830,200 ha
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/765 )

This is one of the most outstanding volcanic regions in the world, with a high density of active volcanoes, a variety of types, and a wide range of related features. The six sites included in the serial designation group together the majority of volcanic features of the Kamchatka peninsula. The interplay of active volcanoes and glaciers forms a dynamic landscape of great beauty. The sites contain great species diversity, including the world's largest known variety of salmonoid fish and exceptional concentrations of sea otter, brown bear and Stellar's sea eagle.

Photos from Landolia

Karymsky volcano Koryaksky, Volcanoes of Kamchatka

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Russia, Lake Baikal

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 01, 2014 at 17:04:30

Location Irkutsk and Chita regions, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
Coordinates N53 10 25 E107 39 45
Property 8,800,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/754 )

Situated in south-east Siberia, the 3.15-million-ha Lake Baikal is the oldest (25 million years) and deepest (1,700 m) lake in the world. It contains 20% of the world's total unfrozen freshwater reserve. Known as the 'Galapagos of Russia', its age and isolation have produced one of the world's richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.

Photos from Landolia

Lake Baikal

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Russia, Virgin Komi Forests

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 01, 2014 at 16:50:04

Location Komi Republic, Russia
Coordinates N65 4 0.012 E60 8 60
Property 3,280,000 ha
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/719 )

The Virgin Komi Forests cover 3.28 million ha of tundra and mountain tundra in the Urals, as well as one of the most extensive areas of virgin boreal forest remaining in Europe. This vast area of conifers, aspens, birches, peat bogs, rivers and natural lakes has been monitored and studied for over 50 years. It provides valuable evidence of the natural processes affecting biodiversity in the taiga.

Photos from Landolia

Panorama of the Virgin Komi Forests

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Russia, Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 01, 2014 at 16:33:28

Location Moscow, the South District, Russia
Coordinates N55 39 20.016 E37 40 26.004
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/634 )

The Church of the Ascension was built in 1532 on the imperial estate of Kolomenskoye, near Moscow, to celebrate the birth of the prince who was to become Tsar Ivan IV ('the Terrible'). One of the earliest examples of a traditional wooden tent-roofed church on a stone and brick substructure, it had a great influence on the development of Russian ecclesiastical architecture.

Photos from Landolia

Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye Aerial view of the Church of the Ascension, Kolomenskoye

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Russia, Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2014 at 16:01:01

Location Novgorod Oblast, Russia
Coordinates N58 31 59.988 E31 16 59.988
Date of Inscription 1992

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/604 )

Situated on the ancient trade route between Central Asia and northern Europe, Novgorod was Russia's first capital in the 9th century. Surrounded by churches and monasteries, it was a centre for Orthodox spirituality as well as Russian architecture. Its medieval monuments and the 14th-century frescoes of Theophanes the Greek (Andrei Rublev's teacher) illustrate the development of its remarkable architecture and cultural creativity.

Photos from Landolia

Walls of the Novgorod Kremlin

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Russia, Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2014 at 15:35:25

Location Arkhangelsky region, Solovetsky district, Russia
Coordinates N65 4 60 E35 40 0
Property 28,834 ha
Date of Inscription 1992

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/632 )

The Solovetsky archipelago comprises six islands in the western part of the White Sea, covering 300 km2 . They have been inhabited since the 5th century B.C. and important traces of a human presence from as far back as the 5th millennium B.C. can be found there. The archipelago has been the site of fervent monastic activity since the 15th century, and there are several churches dating from the 16th to the 19th century.

Photos from Landolia

Solovetsky Monastery, Solovetsky Islands

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Russia, White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2014 at 14:59:29

Location Vladimir region, Russia
Coordinates N56 8 60 E40 25 0
Date of Inscription 1992

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/633 )

These two artistic centres in central Russia hold an important place in the country's architectural history. There are a number of magnificent 12th- and 13th-century public and religious buildings, above all the masterpieces of the Collegiate Church of St Demetrios and the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin.

The list:

The Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir
The Golden Gate in Vladimir Golden Gate, Vladimir
➜ Continue reading "Russia, White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal"

Lithuania, Russia, Curonian Spit

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 26, 2013 at 11:07:25

Location Klaipeda Region, Neringa and Klaipeda (Lithuania); Kaliningrad Region, Zelenogradsk District (Russian Federation)
Coordinates N55 16 28.488 E20 57 44.604
Property 33,021 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/994 )

Human habitation of this elongated sand dune peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4-4 km wide, dates back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it has been threatened by the natural forces of wind and waves. Its survival to the present day has been made possible only as a result of ceaseless human efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramatically illustrated by continuing stabilisation and reforestation projects.

Photos from Landolia

Dune, Curonian Spit Baltic sea, Curonian Spit

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Mongolia, Russia, Uvs Nuur Basin

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 30, 2013 at 05:35:06

Location Uvs Aimag, Zavhan Aimag, Huvsgul Aimag (Mongolia); Mongun-Taiga Kojuun, Ovur Kojuun, Tes-Khem Kojuun, Ersin Kojuun (Tuva, Russia)
Coordinates N50 16 30 E92 43 11
Property 898,064 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/769 )

The Uvs Nuur Basin (1,068,853 ha), is the northernmost of the enclosed basins of Central Asia. It takes its name from Uvs Nuur Lake, a large, shallow and very saline lake, important for migrating birds, waterfowl and seabirds. The site is made up of twelve protected areas representing the major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The steppe ecosystem supports a rich diversity of birds and the desert is home to a number of rare gerbil, jerboas and the marbled polecat. The mountains are an important refuge for the globally endangered snow leopard, mountain sheep (argali) and the Asiatic ibex.

Photos from Landolia

Uvs Lake, Uvs Lake Basin Mongolian steppe, Uvs Lake Basin

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Russia, Golden Mountains of Altai

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 16, 2009 at 18:40:44

Location 450 km southwest of Novosibirsk, in the Altai Republic, Russia
Coordinates N50 28 0 E86 0 0
Type Natural
Property 1,611,457 ha
Date of Inscription 1998

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/768 )

The Altai mountains in southern Siberia form the major mountain range in the western Siberia biogeographic region and provide the source of its greatest rivers – the Ob and the Irtysh. Three separate areas are inscribed: Altaisky Zapovednik and a buffer zone around Lake Teletskoye; Katunsky Zapovednik and a buffer zone around Mount Belukha; and the Ukok Quiet Zone on the Ukok plateau. The total area covers 1,611,457 ha. The region represents the most complete sequence of altitudinal vegetation zones in central Siberia, from steppe, forest-steppe, mixed forest, subalpine vegetation to alpine vegetation. The site is also an important habitat for endangered animal species such as the snow leopard.

Photos from Landolia

Katu Yarik, Golden Mountains of Altai

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Russia, Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev Posad

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 29, 2009 at 15:31:20

Location Moscow region, town Sergiev-Posad, Russia
Coordinates N56 18 37.26 E38 7 52.32
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/657 )

This is a fine example of a working Orthodox monastery, with military features that are typical of the 15th to the 18th century, the period during which it developed. The main church of the Lavra, the Cathedral of the Assumption (echoing the Kremlin Cathedral of the same name), contains the tomb of Boris Godunov. Among the treasures of the Lavra is the famous icon, The Trinity, by Andrei Rublev.

Photos from Landolia

Assumption Cathedral, Trinity Sergius Lavra

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Russia, Kizhi Pogost

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 29, 2009 at 12:37:22

Location Karelian Autonomous S.S.R., Medvezhjegorskij Region, Russia
Coordinates N62 4 17 E35 13 39
Property 0.57 ha
Date of Inscription 1990

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/544 )

The pogost of Kizhi (i.e. the Kizhi enclosure) is located on one of the many islands in Lake Onega, in Karelia. Two 18th-century wooden churches, and an octagonal clock tower, also in wood and built in 1862, can be seen there. These unusual constructions, in which carpenters created a bold visionary architecture, perpetuate an ancient model of parish space and are in harmony with the surrounding landscape.

Photos from Landolia

Transfiguration church, Kizhi Pogost

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Russia, Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 28, 2009 at 18:48:23

Location St. Petersburg region, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Coordinates N59 57 0 E30 19 5.988
Property 3,934 ha
Date of Inscription 1990

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/540 )

The 'Venice of the North', with its numerous canals and more than 400 bridges, is the result of a vast urban project begun in 1703 under Peter the Great. Later known as Leningrad (in the former USSR), the city is closely associated with the October Revolution. Its architectural heritage reconciles the very different Baroque and pure neoclassical styles, as can be seen in the Admiralty, the Winter Palace, the Marble Palace and the Hermitage.

Photos from Landolia

Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg Grand Cascade, Peterhof Saint Isaac's Cathedral

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Russia, Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 28, 2009 at 15:58:39

Location City of Moscow, Russia
Coordinates N55 44 44.988 E37 37 46.992
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1990

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/545 )

Inextricably linked to all the most important historical and political events in Russia since the 13th century, the Kremlin (built between the 14th and 17th centuries by outstanding Russian and foreign architects) was the residence of the Great Prince and also a religious centre. At the foot of its ramparts, on Red Square, St Basil's Basilica is one of the most beautiful Russian Orthodox monuments.

Photos from Landolia

Cathedral of the Mother of God's Kazan Icon Kremlin, Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin and Red Square, more photos and localization on interactive Google Map



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