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South Sudan

Newest country in the World: South Sudan

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 10, 2011 at 16:57:31 :: South Sudan

"South Sudan becomes an independent nation"

This is the headline from the BBC in an article dated July 8th, 2011.

South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011 at midnight (00:00) local time following a referendum held in January 2011 in which nearly 99% of voters opted for separation from the rest of Sudan.

Jabal Awliya or Jebel Aulia village in Sudan. Nearby is a large dam (completed 1937) that is used to control the flow of the Nile to aid the Aswan Dam in storing water for summer cultivation in parts of Egypt.

South Sudan is the 193rd country recognized by the UN and the 54th UN member state in Africa.

Located in East Africa, South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country bordered by Ethiopia to the east; Kenya, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south; the Central African Republic to the west; and Sudan to the north.

South Sudan includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd formed by the White Nile, locally called the Bahr al Jabal.. Its capital and largest city is Juba, located in the southern state of Central Equatoria.

South Sudan has an estimated population of 8,300,000.

South Sudan is composed of more than 200 ethnic groups and is, along with the adjacent Nuba Hills, one of the most linguistically diverse regions of Africa. However, many of the languages have only a few thousand speakers.

The official language is English. Colloquial Arabic is spoken widely, though Juba Arabic, a pidgin, is spoken around the capital. The most populous language by native speakers is Dinka, a dialect continuum spoken by 2–3 million people. Dinka is a Western Nilotic language; closely related to it is South Sudan's second most populous language, Nuer, and a bit more distant is Shilluk. Major Eastern Nilotic languages are Bari and Otuho. Besides the Nilotic family, Zande, South Sudan's third most populous language, is Ubangian. Jur Modo is of the Bongo-Bagirmi family.

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