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Spain

Juan Carlos I of Spain

 Posted by Germain Laroche
Germain Laroche
, April 06, 2014 at 18:09:41 :: Spain

The Palacio Real de Madrid, official residence of the King of SpainJuan Carlos I (born 5 January 1938) is the reigning King of Spain. On 22 November 1975, two days after General Franco's death, Juan Carlos was designated King according to the law of succession promulgated by Franco. In 1969, when Franco named Juan Carlos as the next head of state, Spain had had no monarch for 38 years.

The Spanish Constitution of 1978, voted in referendum, acknowledges him expressly as King of Spain.

King Juan Carlos successfully oversaw the transition of Spain from dictatorship to parliamentary monarchy.

Spain is a constitutional monarchy, with a hereditary monarch and a bicameral parliament, the Cortes Generales. The executive branch consists of a Council of Ministers of Spain presided over by the Prime Minister, nominated and appointed by the monarch and confirmed by the Congress of Deputies following legislative elections. By political custom established by King Juan Carlos since the ratification of the 1978 Constitution, the king's nominees have all been from parties who maintain a plurality of seats in the Congress.

The legislative branch is made up of the Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) with 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation to serve four-year terms, and a Senate (Senado) with 259 seats of which 208 are directly elected by popular vote and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures to also serve four-year terms.

Head of State: King Juan Carlos I, since 22 November 1975

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Benidorm, The "Manhattan of Spain"

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 02, 2008 at 15:55:44 :: Spain

Benidorm (pronounced [beniˈðɔɾm]] in Valencian, [beniˈðoɾ(m)] in Spanish) is a Valencian coastal town and municipality located in the comarca of Marina Baixa, in the province of Alicante, Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. According to the 2004 census, Benidorm has a permanent population of 64,956 inhabitants, ranking as the fifth most populous town in the Alicante province, although the population exceeds half a million in the summer, since it is one of the most important holiday resorts in Spain.

It has an area of 38.5 km² and a population density of 1,593.56 inhab/km². It is sometimes referred to as the "Manhattan of Spain" or "Beniyork" due to the unique skyline formed by its numerous tall hotels and apartment buildings, quite unlike anything else on the Costa Blanca.

The Plaza Mayor with the Casa de la Panadería, Madrid, Spain
The Plaza Mayor with the Casa de la Panadería, Madrid, Spain


The city is divided into two halves, called Poniente and Levante, each fronted by a beach of the same name. Between the two beaches lies a rocky promontory. The old city occupies this promontory and the area immediately inland, while most of the hotels occupy the more recently developed sections behind the two beaches.

Benidorm is famous for different things:
- it is supposed to have a higher concentration of Skycrappers per inhabitants than New-York and Hong-Kong,
- it is the place where Julio Iglesias started his singing career, by winning a local singer contest,
- the rumor goes that the mayor of the city, Pedro Zaragoza Orts, is the one who managed to persuade Spain's former dictator, General Franco, to lift the ban on bikinis.

If you have photos of Benidorm, please publish them on TWIP or send them to us by email.

In the meantime, visit Spain and the world, now on Landolia!
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In The News

Christmas goes global - Madrid, Spain

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 18, 2010 at 05:11:58

The Plaza Mayor with the Casa de la Panadería, Madrid, SpainSpain is different, as the tourism slogan so rightly says. The big day for children is Kings' Day, January 6, when they get their presents, and the biggest event in most cities is the Procession of the Three Kings on the evening of January 5th. In Madrid, elaborate illuminated floats and costumed characters parade through the main streets, excitedly watched by huge crowds of children and parents. On the biggest floats, the gorgeously attired Three Kings, who brought gifts to the baby Jesus in the Biblical story, throw sweets to the children, who squeal in delight.

Less commercial and more focused than in many European cities, Madrid's Christmas season begins on the Immaculate Conception day of December 8th. Then the capital is lit up with decorative lights and dotted with free skating rinks. In the beautiful old square, Plaza Mayor, a Christmas market sells materials for making a nativity scene, the essential decoration in Spanish homes, where on Christmas Eve – called Nochebuena "Goodnight" – the family gets together for a high-spirited feast, with nougat and marzipan confections as the sweet treats.

UNESCO World Heritage

Spain, Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 24, 2014 at 11:17:44

Location Island of Mallorca, Spain
Coordinates N39 43 51 E2 41 41
Property 30,745 ha
Date of Inscription 2011

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1371 )

The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. Millennia of agriculture in an environment with scarce resources has transformed the terrain and displays an articulated network of devices for the management of water revolving around farming units of feudal origins. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works - including water mills - as well as dry stone constructions and farms.

Photos from Landolia

Lakes Cúber and Gorg Blau, Serra de Tramuntana

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Spain, Tower of Hercules

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 13, 2014 at 12:52:33

Location A Coruña, Spain
Coordinates N43 23 9 W8 24 23
Property 233 ha
Date of Inscription 2009

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1312 )

The Tower of Hercules has served as a lighthouse and landmark at the entrance of La Coruña harbour in north-western Spain since the late 1st century A.D. when the Romans built the Farum Brigantium. The Tower, built on a 57 metre high rock, rises a further 55 metres, of which 34 metres correspond to the Roman masonry and 21 meters to the restoration directed by architect Eustaquio Giannini in the 18th century, who augmented the Roman core with two octagonal forms. Immediately adjacent to the base of the Tower, is a small rectangular Roman building. The site also features a sculpture park, the Monte dos Bicos rock carvings from the Iron Age and a Muslim cemetery. The Roman foundations of the building were revealed in excavations conducted in the 1990s. Many legends from the Middle Ages to the 19th century surround the Tower of Hercules, which is unique as it is the only lighthouse of Greco-Roman antiquity to have retained a measure of structural integrity and functional continuity.

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View of the Tower of Hercules Breogan and the Tower of Hercules

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Spain, Vizcaya Bridge

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 13, 2014 at 12:20:44

Location Basque Country, Province of Bizjaia, Spain
Coordinates N43 19 23.43 W3 1 0.6
Property 0.86 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1217 )

Vizcaya Bridge straddles the mouth of the Ibaizabal estuary, west of Bilbao. It was designed by the Basque architect Alberto de Palacio and completed in 1893. The 45-m-high bridge with its span of 160 m, merges 19th-century ironworking traditions with the then new lightweight technology of twisted steel ropes. It was the first bridge in the world to carry people and traffic on a high suspended gondola and was used as a model for many similar bridges in Europe, Africa and the America only a few of which survive. With its innovative use of lightweight twisted steel cables, it is regarded as one of the outstanding architectural iron constructions of the Industrial Revolution.

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Vizcaya Bridge

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Spain, Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Ubeda and Baeza

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 12, 2014 at 11:46:19

Location Province of Jaen, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain
Coordinates N38 0 40.716 W3 22 16.392
Property 9.00 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/522 )

The urban morphology of the two small cities of Úbeda and Baeza in southern Spain dates back to the Moorish 9th century and to the Reconquista in the 13th century. An important development took place in the 16th century, when the cities were subject to renovation along the lines of the emerging Renaissance. This planning intervention was part of the introduction into Spain of new humanistic ideas from Italy, which went on to have a great influence on the architecture of Latin America.

Photos from Landolia

Holy Chapel of the Savior, Ubeda Saint Mary of the Royal Alcázares, Ubeda Baeza Cathedral

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Spain, Aranjuez Cultural Landscape

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 12, 2014 at 11:35:00

Location Province and Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain
Coordinates N40 2 11.22 W3 36 33.624
Property 2,048 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1044 )

The Aranjuez cultural landscape is an entity of complex relationships: between nature and human activity, between sinuous watercourses and geometric landscape design, between the rural and the urban, between forest landscape and the delicately modulated architecture of its palatial buildings. Three hundred years of royal attention to the development and care of this landscape have seen it express an evolution of concepts from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics such as those found in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the urban lifestyle which developed alongside the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding during the Age of Enlightenment.

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Main façade of the Royal Palace of Aranjuez

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Spain, Roman Walls of Lugo

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 04, 2014 at 11:01:26

Location Province of Lugo, Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain
Coordinates N43 0 39.996 W7 33 11.988
Property 1.68 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/987 )

The walls of Lugo were built in the later part of the 3rd century to defend the Roman town of Lucus. The entire circuit survives intact and is the finest example of late Roman fortifications in western Europe.

Photos from Landolia

Roman Walls of Lugo Door of Saint Ferdinand, Roman Walls of Lugo

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Spain, Palmeral of Elche

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 04, 2014 at 10:50:44

Location Elche, Province of Alicante, Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain
Coordinates N38 16 0 E0 43 0
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/930 )

The Palmeral of Elche, a landscape of groves of date palms, was formally laid out, with elaborate irrigation systems, at the time the Muslim city of Elche was erected, towards the end of the tenth century A.C., when much of the Iberian peninsula was Arab. The Palmeral is an oasis, a system for agrarian production in arid areas. It is also a unique example of Arab agricultural practices on the European continent. Cultivation of date palms in Elche is known at least since the Iberian times, dating around the fifth century B.C.

Photos from Landolia

View of the Palmeral of Elche Walking through the palmeral of Elche

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Spain, Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boi

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 03, 2014 at 12:08:01

Location Province of Lleida, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates N42 30 17 E0 48 13
Property 7.98 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/988 )

The narrow Vall de Boí is situated in the high Pyrénées, in the Alta Ribagorça region and is surrounded by steep mountains. Each village in the valley contains a Romanesque church, and is surrounded by a pattern of enclosed fields. There are extensive seasonally-used grazing lands on the higher slopes.

List of the nine churches

Sant Feliu de Barruera, Barruera Sant Feliu de Barruera
Sant Joan de Boí, Boí Sant Joan de Boí
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Spain, Archaeological Site of Atapuerca

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 03, 2014 at 11:50:22

Location Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain
Coordinates N42 22 17 W3 32 50
Property 284 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/989 )

The caves of the Sierra de Atapuerca contain a rich fossil record of the earliest human beings in Europe, from nearly one million years ago and extending up to the Common Era. They represent an exceptional reserve of data, the scientific study of which provides priceless information about the appearance and the way of life of these remote human ancestors.

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Archaeological Site of Atapuerca

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Spain, Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 02, 2014 at 11:05:19

Location Province of Tarragona, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates N41 6 53 E1 15 33.5
Property 33 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/875 )

Tárraco (modern-day Tarragona) was a major administrative and mercantile city in Roman Spain and the centre of the Imperial cult for all the Iberian provinces. It was endowed with many fine buildings, and parts of these have been revealed in a series of exceptional excavations. Although most of the remains are fragmentary, many preserved beneath more recent buildings, they present a vivid picture of the grandeur of this Roman provincial capital.

Photos from Landolia

Roman amphitheatre of Tarragona Roman aqueduct, Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco

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Spain, Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 01, 2014 at 11:29:42

Location Balearic Islands, Spain
Coordinates N38 54 40.1 E1 26 6.7
Property 11,231 ha
Date of Inscription 1999

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/417 )

Ibiza provides an excellent example of the interaction between the marine and coastal ecosystems. The dense prairies of oceanic Posidonia (seagrass), an important endemic species found only in the Mediterranean basin, contain and support a diversity of marine life. Ibiza preserves considerable evidence of its long history. The archaeological sites at Sa Caleta (settlement) and Puig des Molins (necropolis) testify to the important role played by the island in the Mediterranean economy in protohistory, particularly during the Phoenician-Carthaginian period. The fortified Upper Town (Alta Vila) is an outstanding example of Renaissance military architecture; it had a profound influence on the development of fortifications in the Spanish settlements of the New World.

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Ibiza Town Port of Ibiza

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Spain, University and Historic Precinct of Alcala de Henares

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 31, 2014 at 11:42:28

Location Province and Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain
Coordinates N40 28 53 W3 22 5
Date of Inscription 1998

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/876 )

Founded by Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros in the early 16th century, Alcalá de Henares was the world's first planned university city. It was the original model for the Civitas Dei (City of God), the ideal urban community which Spanish missionaries brought to the Americas. It also served as a model for universities in Europe and elsewhere.

Photos from Landolia

Rectorship of the university of Alcalá Cervantes Square, Alcala de Henares

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Spain, San Millan Yuso and Suso Monasteries

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 30, 2014 at 11:51:57

Location San Millán de la Cogolla, Province and Autonomous Community of La Rioja, Spain
Coordinates N42 19 33.096 W2 51 53.856
Property 19 ha
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/805 )

The monastic community founded by St Millán in the mid-6th century became a place of pilgrimage. A fine Romanesque church built in honour of the holy man still stands at the site of Suso. It was here that the first literature was produced in Castilian, from which one of the most widely spoken languages in the world today is derived. In the early 16th century the community was housed in the fine new monastery of Yuso, below the older complex; it is still a thriving community today.

Photos from Landolia

Monastery of San Millán de Yuso Monastery of San Millán de Suso

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Spain, Palau de la Musica Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 29, 2014 at 09:55:13

Location Province of Barcelona, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates N41 23 16.008 E2 10 30
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/804 )

These are two of the finest contributions to Barcelona's architecture by the Catalan art nouveau architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The Palau de la Música Catalana is an exuberant steel-framed structure full of light and space, and decorated by many of the leading designers of the day. The Hospital de Sant Pau is equally bold in its design and decoration, while at the same time perfectly adapted to the needs of the sick.

Photos from Landolia

Palace of Catalan Music Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau

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Spain, Las Médulas

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 29, 2014 at 09:45:18

Location Province of Léon, Autonomous Community of Castile-Leon, Spain
Coordinates N42 28 9.804 W6 46 14.7
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/803 )

In the 1st century A.D. the Roman Imperial authorities began to exploit the gold deposits of this region in north-west Spain, using a technique based on hydraulic power. After two centuries of working the deposits, the Romans withdrew, leaving a devastated landscape. Since there was no subsequent industrial activity, the dramatic traces of this remarkable ancient technology are visible everywhere as sheer faces in the mountainsides and the vast areas of tailings, now used for agriculture.

Photos from Landolia

Las Medulas Las Médulas

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Spain, La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2014 at 11:21:24

Location Province and Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain
Coordinates N39 28 27.9 E0 22 42.4
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/782 )

Built between 1482 and 1533, this group of buildings was originally used for trading in silk (hence its name, the Silk Exchange) and it has always been a centre for commerce. It is a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The grandiose Sala de Contratación (Contract or Trading Hall), in particular, illustrates the power and wealth of a major Mediterranean mercantile city in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Photos from Landolia

Llotja de la Seda Serranos Towers, Llotja de la Seda

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Spain, Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2014 at 11:10:32

Location Province of Cuenca, Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Coordinates N40 4 35.832 W2 7 54.264
Property 23 ha
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/781 )

Built by the Moors in a defensive position at the heart of the Caliphate of Cordoba, Cuenca is an unusually well-preserved medieval fortified city. Conquered by the Castilians in the 12th century, it became a royal town and bishopric endowed with important buildings, such as Spain's first Gothic cathedral, and the famous casas colgadas (hanging houses), suspended from sheer cliffs overlooking the Huécar river. Taking full advantage of its location, the city towers above the magnificent countryside.

Photos from Landolia

Cuenca Cathedral Hanging Houses, Cuenca

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Spain, Donana National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 28, 2014 at 10:59:32

Location Provinces of Huelva and Sevilla, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain
Coordinates N36 56 51.72 W6 21 31.9
Property 54,252 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/685 )

Doñana National Park in Andalusia occupies the right bank of the Guadalquivir river at its estuary on the Atlantic Ocean. It is notable for the great diversity of its biotopes, especially lagoons, marshlands, fixed and mobile dunes, scrub woodland and maquis. It is home to five threatened bird species. It is one of the largest heronries in the Mediterranean region and is the wintering site for more than 500,000 water fowl each year.

Photos from Landolia

Wetlands, Donana National Park Panorama, Donana National Park

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Spain, Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 27, 2014 at 10:25:19

Location Province of Cáceres, Autonomous Community of Extremadura, Spain
Coordinates N39 27 10.26 W5 19 39
Property 1.10 ha
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/665 )

The monastery is an outstanding repository of four centuries of Spanish religious architecture. It symbolizes two significant events in world history that occurred in 1492: the Reconquest of the Iberian peninsula by the Catholic Kings and Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Americas. Its famous statue of the Virgin became a powerful symbol of the Christianization of much of the New World.

Photos from Landolia

Royal Monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe

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Spain, Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 27, 2014 at 09:50:40

Location Province of Badajoz, Autonomous Community of Extremadura, Spain
Coordinates N38 54 57.996 W6 20 16.008
Property 31 ha
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/664 )

The colony of Augusta Emerita, which became present-day Mérida in Estremadura, was founded in 25 B.C. at the end of the Spanish Campaign and was the capital of Lusitania. The well-preserved remains of the old city include, in particular, a large bridge over the Guadiana, an amphitheatre, a theatre, a vast circus and an exceptional water-supply system. It is an excellent example of a provincial Roman capital during the empire and in the years afterwards.

Photos from Landolia

Roman theater in Mérida Acueducto de los Milagros

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Spain, Poblet Monastery

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 27, 2014 at 09:36:27

Location Vimbodí, Province of Tarragona, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain
Coordinates N41 22 50.988 E1 4 57
Property 18 ha
Date of Inscription 1991

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/518 )

This Cistercian abbey in Catalonia is one of the largest in Spain. At its centre is a 12th-century church. The austere, majestic monastery, which has a fortified royal residence and contains the pantheon of the kings of Catalonia and Aragon, is an impressive sight.

Photos from Landolia

Poblet Monastery

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Spain, Old City of Salamanca

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 24, 2014 at 10:05:04

Location Province of Salamanca, Autonomous Community of Castile-Leon, Spain
Coordinates N40 57 54.9 W5 39 52.2
Property 51 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/381 )

This ancient university town north-west of Madrid was first conquered by the Carthaginians in the 3rd century B.C. It then became a Roman settlement before being ruled by the Moors until the 11th century. The university, one of the oldest in Europe, reached its high point during Salamanca's golden age. The city's historic centre has important Romanesque, Gothic, Moorish, Renaissance and Baroque monuments. The Plaza Mayor, with its galleries and arcades, is particularly impressive.

Photos from Landolia

New Cathedral of Salamanca Old Cathedral of Salamanca Tower del Clavero, Salamanca

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Spain, Old Town of Caceres

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 24, 2014 at 09:54:02

Location Province of Cáceres, Autonomous Community of Extremadura, Spain
Coordinates N39 28 27.984 W6 22 12
Property 9.00 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/384 )

The city's history of battles between Moors and Christians is reflected in its architecture, which is a blend of Roman, Islamic, Northern Gothic and Italian Renaissance styles. Of the 30 or so towers from the Muslim period, the Torre del Bujaco is the most famous.

Photos from Landolia

Old Town of Cáceres La Paz Hermitage, Cáceres

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Spain, Mudejar Architecture of Aragon

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 20, 2014 at 09:27:38

Location Provinces of Teruel and Zaragoza, Autonomous Community of Aragon, Spain
Coordinates N40 20 38.004 W1 6 25.992
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/378 )

The development in the 12th century of Mudejar art in Aragon resulted from the particular political, social and cultural conditions that prevailed in Spain after the Reconquista. This art, influenced by Islamic tradition, also reflects various contemporary European styles, particularly the Gothic. Present until the early 17th century, it is characterized by an extremely refined and inventive use of brick and glazed tiles in architecture, especially in the belfries.

Photos from Landolia

Teruel Cathedral Tower of the Santa María church, Calatayud Church of Saint Mary, Tobed

More photos:

  • Tower, roof and dome of the Cathedral of Saint Mary of Mediavilla, Teruel
  • Tower and church of San Pedro, Teruel
  • Tower and church of San Martín, Teruel
  • Tower and church of The Savior, Teruel
  • Apse, cloister and tower of Colegiata de Santa María, Calatayud
  • Parish church of Santa Tecla, Cervera de la Cañada
  • Church of Saint Mary, Tobed
  • Mudejar remains of the Palace of Aljafería, Zaragoza
  • Tower and Parish church of San Pablo, Zaragoza
  • Apse, parish and dome of La Seo, Zaragoza

Spain, Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 18, 2014 at 09:25:17

Location Province and Autonomous Community of Asturias, Spain
Coordinates N43 21 45.432 W5 50 34.908
Property 0.20 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/312 )

In the 9th century the flame of Christianity was kept alive in the Iberian peninsula in the tiny Kingdom of the Asturias. Here an innovative pre-Romanesque architectural style was created that was to play a significant role in the development of the religious architecture of the peninsula. Its highest achievements can be seen in the churches of Santa María del Naranco, San Miguel de Lillo, Santa Cristina de Lena, the Cámara Santa and San Julián de los Prados, in and around the ancient capital city of Oviedo. Associated with them is the remarkable contemporary hydraulic engineering structure known as La Foncalada.

Photos from Landolia

Façade of the Oviedo Cathedral Santa María del Naranco, Oviedo

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Spain, Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 13, 2014 at 05:42:26

Location San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Province and Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain
Coordinates N40 34 54.3 W4 7 35.1
Property 94 ha
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/318 )

Built at the end of the 16th century on a plan in the form of a grill, the instrument of the martyrdom of St Lawrence, the Escurial Monastery stands in an exceptionally beautiful site in Castile. Its austere architecture, a break with previous styles, had a considerable influence on Spanish architecture for more than half a century. It was the retreat of a mystic king and became, in the last years of Philip II's reign, the centre of the greatest political power of the time.

Photos from Landolia

View of the Royal Seat of San Lorenzo de El Escorial Basilica of the Monastery of El Escorial

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Spain, Burgos Cathedral

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 08, 2014 at 13:16:39

Location Province of Burgos, Autonomous Community of Castile-Leon, Spain
Coordinates N42 20 24.72 W3 42 14.436
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/316 )

Our Lady of Burgos was begun in the 13th century at the same time as the great cathedrals of the Ile-de-France and was completed in the 15th and 16th centuries. The entire history of Gothic art is summed up in its superb architecture and its unique collection of works of art, including paintings, choir stalls, reredos, tombs and stained-glass windows.

Photos from Landolia

Façade of Burgos Cathedral View of Burgos Cathedral

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France, Spain, Pyrénées - Mont Perdu

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 05, 2013 at 11:11:45

Location France: Midi-Pyrénées Region, Hautes-Pyrénées Déparetment; 1999 Extension: Commune of Gèdre
Spain: Autonomous Community of Aragón, Province of Huesca, Communes of Torla, Fanlo, Tella-Sin, Puértolas, Bielsa, and Broto
Coordinates N42 41 7.512 E0 0 1.8
Property 30,639 ha
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/773 )

This outstanding mountain landscape, which spans the contemporary national borders of France and Spain, is centred around the peak of Mount Perdu, a calcareous massif that rises to 3,352 m. The site, with a total area of 30,639 ha, includes two of Europe's largest and deepest canyons on the Spanish side and three major cirque walls on the more abrupt northern slopes with France, classic presentations of these geological landforms. The site is also a pastoral landscape reflecting an agricultural way of life that was once widespread in the upland regions of Europe but now survives only in this part of the Pyrénées. Thus it provides exceptional insights into past European society through its landscape of villages, farms, fields, upland pastures and mountain roads.

Photos from Landolia

North slope, Mont Perdu

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Slovenia, Spain, Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 29, 2013 at 05:36:38

Location Slovenia, Spain
Coordinates N38 46 31 W4 50 20
Property 104 ha
Date of Inscription 2012

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1313 )

The property includes the mining sites of Almadén (Spain), where mercury (quicksilver) has been extracted since antiquity, and Idrija (Slovenia), where mercury was first found in AD1490. The Spanish property includes buildings relating to its mining history, including Retamar Castle, religious buildings and traditional dwellings. The site in Idrija notably features mercury stores and infrastructure, as well as miners’ living quarters, and a miners’ theatre. The sites bear testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. Together they represent the two largest mercury mines in the world, operational until recent times.

Photos from TWIP

Almaden, Headframe Antonijev Rov, Idrija

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Spain, Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, September 18, 2012 at 12:28:33

Location Province of Segovia, Autonomous Community of Castile-Leon, Segovia, Spain
Coordinates N40 56 54.5 W4 7 0.3
Property 134 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/311 )

The Roman aqueduct of Segovia, probably built c. A.D. 50, is remarkably well preserved. This impressive construction, with its two tiers of arches, forms part of the setting of the magnificent historic city of Segovia. Other important monuments include the Alcázar, begun around the 11th century, and the 16th-century Gothic cathedral.

Photos from Landolia

Segovia Cathedral Aqueduct of Segovia

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Spain, Historic City of Toledo

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 12, 2012 at 15:15:51

Location Province of Toledo, Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Coordinates N39 52 0.8 W4 1 45.9
Property 260 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/379 )

Successively a Roman municipium, the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom, a fortress of the Emirate of Cordoba, an outpost of the Christian kingdoms fighting the Moors and, in the 16th century, the temporary seat of supreme power under Charles V, Toledo is the repository of more than 2,000 years of history. Its masterpieces are the product of heterogeneous civilizations in an environment where the existence of three major religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam – was a major factor.

Photos from Landolia

Great portal, Cathedral of Toledo Toledo City Hall

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Spain, Historic Centre of Cordoba

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 07, 2011 at 06:43:39

Location Province of Cordoba, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain
Coordinates N37 52 45.1 W4 46 47
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/313 )

Cordoba's period of greatest glory began in the 8th century after the Moorish conquest, when some 300 mosques and innumerable palaces and public buildings were built to rival the splendours of Constantinople, Damascus and Baghdad. In the 13th century, under Ferdinand III, the Saint, Cordoba's Great Mosque was turned into a cathedral and new defensive structures, particularly the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos and the Torre Fortaleza de la Calahorra, were erected.

Photos from Landolia

Jardines, Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos Roman bridge, Cordoba Puerta del Puente, Cordoba

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Spain, Old Town of Avila with its Extra-Muros Churches

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 07, 2011 at 06:29:48

Location Province of Ávila, Autonomous Community of Castile-Leon, Spain
Coordinates N40 39 23.22 W4 42 0.432
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/348 )

Founded in the 11th century to protect the Spanish territories from the Moors, this 'City of Saints and Stones', the birthplace of St Teresa and the burial place of the Grand Inquisitor Torquemada, has kept its medieval austerity. This purity of form can still be seen in the Gothic cathedral and the fortifications which, with their 82 semicircular towers and nine gates, are the most complete in Spain.

Photos from Landolia

Basilica of San Vicente Walls of Avila

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Spain, Cathedral, Alcazar and Archivo de Indias in Seville

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 10, 2009 at 19:43:31

Location Province of Seville, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain
Coordinates N37 23 01.8 W5 59 29.6
Property 12 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/383 )

Together these three buildings form a remarkable monumental complex in the heart of Seville. The cathedral and the Alcázar - dating from the Reconquest of 1248 to the 16th century and imbued with Moorish influences – are an exceptional testimony to the civilization of the Almohads as well as that of Christian Andalusia. The Giralda minaret is the masterpiece of Almohad architecture. It stands next to the cathedral with its five naves; the largest Gothic building in Europe, it houses the tomb of Christopher Columbus. The ancient Lonja, which became the Archivo de Indias, contains valuable documents from the archives of the colonies in the Americas.

Photos from Landolia

Seville Cathedral Giralda Tower

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map


Spain, Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 09, 2009 at 17:30:14

Location Province of A Coruña, Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain
Coordinates N42 52 50.736 W8 32 40.848
Property 108 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/347 )

This famous pilgrimage site in north-west Spain became a symbol in the Spanish Christians' struggle against Islam. Destroyed by the Muslims at the end of the 10th century, it was completely rebuilt in the following century. With its Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque buildings, the Old Town of Santiago is one of the world's most beautiful urban areas. The oldest monuments are grouped around the tomb of St James and the cathedral, which contains the remarkable Pórtico de la Gloria.

Photos from Landolia

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela Praza da Quintana

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Spain, Works of Antoni Gaudi

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 08, 2009 at 17:56:24

Location in or near Barcelona, Spain
Coordinates N41 24 48.168 E2 9 10.699
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/320 )

Seven properties built by the architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926) in or near Barcelona testify to Gaudí’s exceptional creative contribution to the development of architecture and building technology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These monuments represent an eclectic, as well as a very personal, style which was given free reign in the design of gardens, sculpture and all decorative arts, as well as architecture. The seven buildings are: Casa Vicens; Casa Mila; Gaudí’s work on the Nativity façade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia; Casa Batlló; Crypt in Colonia Güell.

Photos from Landolia

Sagrada Familia Casa Mila Casa Batllo

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Spain, Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin, Granada

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 08, 2009 at 16:39:24

Location Province of Granada, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain
Coordinates N37 10 36.012 W3 35 39.984
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1984

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/314 )

Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the Albaycín, situated on two adjacent hills, form the medieval part of Granada. To the east of the Alhambra fortress and residence are the magnificent gardens of the Generalife, the former rural residence of the emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. The residential district of the Albaycín is a rich repository of Moorish vernacular architecture, into which the traditional Andalusian architecture blends harmoniously.

Photos from Landolia

Fountain, Alhambra Palace Generalife View of the Albayzín

More photos and localization on interactive Google Map



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