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Sweden, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Victoria and the absolute primogeniture

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 30, 2014 at 08:17:02 :: Sweden

Stockholm PalaceCarl XVI Gustaf (full name: Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus, born 30 April 1946) is the reigning King of Sweden since 15 September 1973, succeeding his grandfather King Gustaf VI Adolf. He is the only son of the late Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, who died in 1947, and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Unlike many other European monarchs who have extensive styles, King Carl Gustaf's formal and complete style is simply His Majesty Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden.

Sweden has been the first monarchy in the world to adopt royal succession by absolute primogeniture.

Absolute, equal or lineal primogeniture, known in French as aînesse intégrale (integral primogeniture), is inheritance by the oldest surviving child without regard to gender. It is also known as (full) cognatic primogeniture today. This form of primogeniture was not practiced by any modern monarchy before 1980.

In 1980, Sweden revised its constitution to adopt royal succession by absolute primogeniture, displacing King Carl XVI Gustaf's infant son, Carl Philip, in favor of his elder daughter, Victoria, in the process. Several other monarchies have since followed suit: Netherlands in 1983, Norway in 1990, Belgium in 1991, Denmark in 2009 and Luxembourg in 2011.

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Stockholm, the larget Nordic City

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 03, 2007 at 05:18:48 :: Sweden

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf.

Stockholm has been Sweden's political and economic center since the 13th century. Today it is the largest municipality of Sweden, with a population of 786,509 (March 2007), while the populations of the Stockholm urban area and Metropolitan Stockholm are roughly 1.2 and 1.9 million, respectively. This makes Stockholm both largest city and metropolitan area in the whole Nordic Countries.

With its location on the east coast of Sweden at the mouth of Lake Mälaren, by the Stockholm archipelago, it is widely renowned for its natural beauty.

The National Museum of Fine Arts, Stockholm


The Stockholm region is home to around 20% of Sweden's total population, and accounts for about 25% of the gross domestic product.

The geographical notion of "Stockholm" has changed throughout the times. By the turn of the 19th century, Stockholm basically consisted of the area today known as City Centre, roughly 35 km² or 1/5 of the current municipal area. In the ensuing decades several other areas were incorporated (such as Brännkyrka Municipality in 1913, at which time it had 25,000 inhabitants, and Spånga in 1949). The municipal border was established in 1971 – with the exception of Hansta, in 1982 purchased by Stockholm Municipality from Sollentuna Municipality and today a nature reserve.

Of the population of 765,044 (2004), 370,482 were men and 394,562 women. The average age is 39.8 years; 40.5% of the population is between 20 and 44 years (source Wikipedia).

Stockholm City Hall tower, Sweden


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In The News

Christmas goes global - Stockholm, Sweden

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 20, 2010 at 04:50:03

Iconic buildings surrounding the square Stortorget. Gamla stan (Old Town), until 1980 officially Staden mellan broarna (The Town between the Bridges), is the old town of Stockholm, Sweden.Scandinavia occupies an exalted place in Christmas traditions. For up there, in far northern Europe, is where Santa Claus supposedly dwells, tending his reindeers and flying off each Christmas Eve to visit all the world's children. Here too is where many of Europe's Christmas trees grow, a major year-end export.

Stockholm exemplifies the Scandinavian Christmas spirit. People stroll the narrow streets of Gamla Stan, the Old Town, crunching snow underfoot, coming upon squares hosting Christmas markets with centuries of tradition. The scent of roasted chestnuts, gingerbread and mulled wine fills the air and the stalls display a vivid array of traditional, handcrafted decorations, toys and local wares.

Stockholmers love their Christmas traditions, like glugging glögg (mulled wine) and chewing chestnuts whilst gift shopping in the frosty air. A favorite is the Kungsträdgården market in the main shopping district, where the window displays are also a big draw, such as at NK, the elite department store. Hugely popular too is the old-time Christmas market at Skansen open-air museum on Djurgården Island.

UNESCO World Heritage

Sweden, Decorated Farmhouses of Halsingland

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 01, 2014 at 07:46:24

Location Hälsingland, Sweden
Coordinates N61 42 26 E16 11 45
Property 15 ha
Date of Inscription 2012

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1282 )

Seven timber houses are listed in this site located in the east of Sweden, representing the zenith of a regional timber building tradition that dates back to the Middle Ages. They reflect the prosperity of independent farmers who in the 19th century used their wealth to build substantial new homes with elaborately decorated ancillary houses or suites of rooms reserved for festivities. The paintings represent a fusion of folk art with the styles favoured by the landed gentry of the time, including Baroque and Rococo. Decorated by painters, including known and unknown itinerant artists, the listed properties represent the final flowering of a long cultural tradition.

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Gästgivars, Vallsta, Decorated Farmhouses of Halsingland

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Sweden, Varberg Radio Station

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 01, 2014 at 07:33:40

Location County of Halland, Sweden
Coordinates N57 6 0 E12 22 60
Property 109 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1134 )

The Varberg Radio Station at Grimeton in southern Sweden (built 1922–24) is an exceptionally well-preserved monument to early wireless transatlantic communication. It consists of the transmitter equipment, including the aerial system of six 127-m high steel towers. Although no longer in regular use, the equipment has been maintained in operating condition. The 109.9-ha site comprises buildings housing the original Alexanderson transmitter, including the towers with their antennae, short-wave transmitters with their antennae, and a residential area with staff housing. The architect Carl Åkerblad designed the main buildings in the neoclassical style and the structural engineer Henrik Kreüger was responsible for the antenna towers, the tallest built structures in Sweden at that time. The site is an outstanding example of the development of telecommunications and is the only surviving example of a major transmitting station based on pre-electronic technology.

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Varberg Radio Station

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Sweden, Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 01, 2014 at 07:19:57

Location Town of Falun, Dalarna Province, Sweden
Coordinates N60 36 16.992 E15 37 50.988
Property 43 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1027 )

The enormous mining excavation known as the Great Pit at Falun is the most striking feature of a landscape that illustrates the activity of copper production in this region since at least the 13th century. The 17th-century planned town of Falun with its many fine historic buildings, together with the industrial and domestic remains of a number of settlements spread over a wide area of the Dalarna region, provide a vivid picture of what was for centuries one of the world's most important mining areas.

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Falun Copper mine

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Sweden, Church Village of Gammelstad, Lulea

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 28, 2014 at 11:07:07

Location Luleå, county of Norrbotten (Norrbottens län), Sweden
Coordinates N65 38 45.996 E22 1 42.996
Date of Inscription 1996

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/762 )

Gammelstad, at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, is the best-preserved example of a 'church village', a unique kind of village formerly found throughout northern Scandinavia. The 424 wooden houses, huddled round the early 15th-century stone church, were used only on Sundays and at religious festivals to house worshippers from the surrounding countryside who could not return home the same day because of the distance and difficult travelling conditions.

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Wooden houses, Gammelstad Church Town

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Sweden, Hanseatic Town of Visby

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 28, 2014 at 10:50:41

Location Island region of Gotland, Sweden
Coordinates N57 38 30.012 E18 17 44.988
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/731 )

A former Viking site on the island of Gotland, Visby was the main centre of the Hanseatic League in the Baltic from the 12th to the 14th century. Its 13th-century ramparts and more than 200 warehouses and wealthy merchants' dwellings from the same period make it the best-preserved fortified commercial city in northern Europe.

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Visby Cathedral City wall of Visby

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Sweden, Skogskyrkogarden

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 26, 2014 at 05:09:48

Location Stockholm County, Sweden
Coordinates N59 16 32.016 E18 5 57.984
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/558 )

This Stockholm cemetery was created between 1917 and 1920 by two young architects, Asplund and Lewerentz, on the site of former gravel pits overgrown with pine trees. The design blends vegetation and architectural elements, taking advantage of irregularities in the site to create a landscape that is finely adapted to its function. It has had a profound influence in many countries of the world.

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Graves in Skogskyrkogården cemetary Meditation hill, Skogskyrkogården

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Sweden, Rock Carvings in Tanum

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 26, 2014 at 04:33:25

Location Bohuslan, Sweden
Coordinates N58 42 3.996 E11 20 27.996
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/557 )

The rock carvings in Tanum, in the north of Bohuslän, are a unique artistic achievement not only for their rich and varied motifs (depictions of humans and animals, weapons, boats and other subjects) but also for their cultural and chronological unity. They reveal the life and beliefs of people in Europe during the Bronze Age and are remarkable for their large numbers and outstanding quality.

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Vitlycke hob, Rock Carvings in Tanum Tumuli of Vitlycke, Rock Carvings in Tanum

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Sweden, Engelsberg Ironworks

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 26, 2014 at 03:42:49

Location Angelsberg, Västmanland, Sweden
Coordinates N59 58 0.012 E16 0 29.988
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/556 )

Sweden's production of superior grades of iron made it a leader in this field in the 17th and 18th centuries. This site is the best-preserved and most complete example of this type of Swedish ironworks.

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Engelsberg Ironworks

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Sweden, Birka and Hovgarden

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 25, 2014 at 13:39:13

Location Stockholm County (Region of Uppland), Sweden
Coordinates N59 20 6.504 E17 32 33.504
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/555 )

The Birka archaeological site is located on Björkö Island in Lake Mälar and was occupied in the 9th and 10th centuries. Hovgården is situated on the neighbouring island of Adelsö. Together, they make up an archaeological complex which illustrates the elaborate trading networks of Viking-Age Europe and their influence on the subsequent history of Scandinavia. Birka was also important as the site of the first Christian congregation in Sweden, founded in 831 by St Ansgar.

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Ansgars Cross, Birka Alsnö hus, Hovgarden

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Sweden, Royal Domain of Drottningholm

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 25, 2014 at 05:41:29

Location Province of Stockholm, Region of Ekero, Sweden
Coordinates N59 19 23.016 E17 52 59.988
Date of Inscription 1991

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/559 )

The Royal Domain of Drottningholm stands on an island in Lake Mälar in a suburb of Stockholm. With its castle, perfectly preserved theatre (built in 1766), Chinese pavilion and gardens, it is the finest example of an 18th-century north European royal residence inspired by the Palace of Versailles.

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Front view of the Drottningholm Palace Rear of the Drottningholm Palace

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Sweden, Laponian Area

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 15, 2010 at 04:35:27

Location County of Norrbotten. Municipalities – rural districts – Gällivare, Jokkmokk and Arjeplog, Sweden
Coordinates N67 19 59.988 E17 34 59.988
Date of Inscription 1996
Property 940,000 ha

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/774 )

The Arctic Circle region of northern Sweden is the home of the Saami, or Lapp people. It is the largest area in the world (and one of the last) with an ancestral way of life based on the seasonal movement of livestock. Every summer, the Saami lead their huge herds of reindeer towards the mountains through a natural landscape hitherto preserved, but now threatened by the advent of motor vehicles. Historical and ongoing geological processes can be seen in the glacial moraines and changing water courses.

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Rapa Valley, Sarek National Park Kungsleden path, Stora Sjofallet National Park

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Finland, Sweden, High Coast - Kvarken Archipelago

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, August 14, 2010 at 06:50:09

Location Finland, Sweden
Coordinates N63 17 60 E21 18 0
Property 336,900 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/898 )

The Kvarken Archipelago (Finland) and the High Coast (Sweden) are situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the Baltic Sea. The 5,600 islands of the Kvarken Archipelago feature unusual ridged washboard moraines, ‘De Geer moraines’, formed by the melting of the continental ice sheet, 10,000 to 24,000 years ago. The Archipelago is continuously rising from the sea in a process of rapid glacio-isostatic uplift, whereby the land, previously weighed down under the weight of a glacier, lifts at rates that are among the highest in the world. As a consequence islands appear and unite, peninsulas expand, and lakes evolve from bays and develop into marshes and peat fens. The High Coast has also been largely shaped by the combined processes of glaciation, glacial retreat and the emergence of new land from the sea. Since the last retreat of the ice from the High Coast 9,600 years ago, the uplift has been in the order of 285 m which is the highest known ''rebound''. The site affords outstanding opportunities for the understanding of the important processes that formed the glaciated and land uplift areas of the Earth''s surface.

Photos from Landolia

Kvarken Archipelago

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Sweden, Naval Port of Karlskrona

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 09, 2009 at 12:01:26

Location Karlskrona, Blekinge County, Sweden
Coordinates N56 10 0.012 E15 34 59.988
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1998

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/871 )

Karlskrona is an outstanding example of a late-17th-century European planned naval city. The original plan and many of the buildings have survived intact, along with installations that illustrate its subsequent development up to the present day.

Photos from Landolia

Mast-crane, Karlskrona naval base Kungsholms fort, Karlskrona naval base

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