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Tanzania

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Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 19, 2009 at 15:44:53

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, AfricaKilimanjaro is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. It is the world's highest free standing, snow-covered equatorial mountain. With its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa (5,891.8 m - 19,330 ft).

The highest point on Kilimanjaro is Uhuru Peak, on the volcano Kibo, first reached by the Marangu army scout Yohanas Kinyala Lauwo, German Hans Meyer and Austrian Ludwig Purtscheller, on October 6, 1889. On top of Kibo is a 1.5 mile wide crater. While it is inactive, Kilimanjaro has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater on the main summit of Kibo. Two other peaks are also dormant volcanoes: Mawenzi (5,149 m - 16,890 ft), the third highest peak in Africa and Shira (3,962 m - 13,000 ft).

There are several routes by which to climb Mt Kilimanjaro, namely, Marangu, Rongai, Lemosho, Shira, Umbwe and Machame. Though the climb is technically very easy, the altitude and low temperature make this a difficult and dangerous trek. Climbing Kilimanjaro is a must-do challenge for almost every trekker and mountaineer in the world.

Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira and with its highest point: Uhuru Peak (5,895 m) on the volcano Kibo, in TanzaniaA few national parks lie in the Kilimanjaro area:
- Kilimanjaro National Park, located near Moshi, covers 753 km² of the mountain, and is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1987. It includes the moorland and highland zones, Shira Plateau, Kibo and Mawenzi peaks. In addition, the Park has six corridors or rights of way through the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve.
- Amboseli National Park, Kenya is on the northern side, in Kajiado District, Rift Valley Province. The park is 39,206 hectares (392 km2; 151 sq mi). The local people are mainly Maasai.
- Tsavo National Park, located near the village of Voi in the Taita District of Coast Province, Kenya. It lies to the East of Mount Kilimanjaro.
- Arusha National Park covers Mount Meru in the Arusha Region of north eastern Tanzania.

UNESCO World Heritage

Tanzania, Kondoa Rock-Art Sites

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 21, 2012 at 05:03:32

Location Region Dodoma, District Kondoa, Tanzania
Coordinates S4 43 28 E35 50 2
Property 233,600 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1183 )

On the eastern slopes of the Masai escarpment bordering the Great Rift Valley are natural rock shelters, overhanging slabs of sedimentary rocks fragmented by rift faults, whose vertical planes have been used for rock paintings for at least two millennia. The spectacular collection of images from over 150 shelters over 2,336 km2 , many with high artistic value, displays sequences that provide a unique testimony to the changing socio-economic base of the area from hunter-gatherer to agro-pastoralist, and the beliefs and ideas associated with the different societies. Some of the shelters are still considered to have ritual associations with the people who live nearby, reflecting their beliefs, rituals and cosmological traditions.

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Paintings, Kondoa Rock Art Sites

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Tanzania, Kilimanjaro National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 21, 2012 at 04:57:26

Location Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
Coordinates S3 4 0.012 E37 22 0.012
Property 75,575 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/403 )

At 5,895 m, Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. This volcanic massif stands in splendid isolation above the surrounding plains, with its snowy peak looming over the savannah. The mountain is encircled by mountain forest. Numerous mammals, many of them endangered species, live in the park.

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Kilimanjaro National Park Giraffe, Kilimanjaro National Park

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Tanzania, Selous Game Reserve

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 21, 2012 at 04:50:55

Location Coast, Morogoro, Lindi, Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions, Tanzania
Coordinates S9 0 0 E37 23 60
Property 5,078,714 ha
Date of Inscription 1982

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/199 )

Large numbers of elephants, black rhinoceroses, cheetahs, giraffes, hippopotamuses and crocodiles live in this immense sanctuary, which measures 50,000 km2 and is relatively undisturbed by human impact. The park has a variety of vegetation zones, ranging from dense thickets to open wooded grasslands.

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Giraffe, Selous Game Reserve Rufiji River, Selous Game Reserve

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Tanzania, Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 21, 2012 at 04:44:23

Location Lindi Region, District of Kilwa, Tanzania
Coordinates S8 57 28.008 E39 31 22.008
Date of Inscription 1981

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144 )

The remains of two great East African ports admired by early European explorers are situated on two small islands near the coast. From the 13th to the 16th century, the merchants of Kilwa dealt in gold, silver, pearls, perfumes, Arabian crockery, Persian earthenware and Chinese porcelain; much of the trade in the Indian Ocean thus passed through their hands.

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Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara Fort, Kilwa Kisiwani island

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Tanzania, Ngorongoro Conservation Area

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, November 21, 2012 at 04:37:50

Location Tanzania
Coordinates S3 11 13.992 E35 32 26.988
Property 809,440 ha
Date of Inscription 1979

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/39 )

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area spans vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, savanna woodlands and forests. Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional livestock grazing, it includes the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera. The property has global importance for biodiversity conservation due to the presence of globally threatened species, the density of wildlife inhabiting the area, and the annual migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles and other animals into the northern plains. Extensive archaeological research has also yielded a long sequence of evidence of human evolution and human-environment dynamics, including early hominid footprints dating back 3.6 million years.

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Crater, Ngorongoro Conservation Area Ngorongoro Conservation Area

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Tanzania, Serengeti National Park

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 04, 2010 at 04:47:06

Location Mara, Arusha, and Shinyanga Provinces, Tanzania
Coordinates S2 19 59.988 E34 34 0.012
Date of Inscription 1981
Property 1,476,300 ha

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/156 )

The vast plains of the Serengeti comprise 1.5 million ha of savannah. The annual migration to permanent water holes of vast herds of herbivores (wildebeest, gazelles and zebras), followed by their predators, is one of the most impressive natural events in the world.

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Zebras, Serengeti National Park Zebras, Serengeti National Park

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Tanzania, Stone Town of Zanzibar

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 01, 2010 at 11:49:49

Location Zanzibar, Tanzania
Coordinates S6 9 47.016 E39 11 21.012
Property 96 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/173 )

The Stone Town of Zanzibar is a fine example of the Swahili coastal trading towns of East Africa. It retains its urban fabric and townscape virtually intact and contains many fine buildings that reflect its particular culture, which has brought together and homogenized disparate elements of the cultures of Africa, the Arab region, India, and Europe over more than a millennium.

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Narrow road, Stone Town of Zanzibar House of Wonders, Stone Town of Zanzibar St. Joseph Cathedral, Stone Town of Zanzibar

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