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Turkey

Antalya, Turkey

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, April 06, 2008 at 12:05:58 :: Turkey

Antalya (formerly known as Adalia; from Pamphylian Greek: Αττάλεια Attália) is a city on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. It is the capital city of Antalya Province. The population of the city is 1,127,634 (2007 census).

The city of Antalya corresponds to the lands of ancient Pamphylia to the east and Lycia to the west. Antalya has a hot climate.

The clock tower and the Yivli Minare in the city center, Antalya, Turkey


Antalya is Turkey's principal holiday resort in the Mediterranean region (ancient Pamphylia), an attractive city with shady palm-lined boulevards, a prize-winning marina on the Mediterranean. In the picturesque old quarter, Kaleici, narrow winding streets and old wooden houses abut the ancient city walls. Lately, many foreigners have bought (and continue to buy) property in and around Antalya for their holidays or for the retirement. It became a popular area especially for the German and Russian nationals.

View from Antalya, on a cliff over the Mediterranean sea, Antalya Province, Turkey


The region around Antalya offers sights of astonishing natural beauty as well as awesome historical remains. You can walk behind the cascade, a thrilling experience, at the Upper Düden Waterfalls, 14 km northeast of Antalya. On the way to Lara Beach, the Lower Düden Waterfalls plunge straight into the sea. The nearby rest area offers an excellent view of the falls; the view is even more spectacular from the sea. Kursunlu Waterfalls and Nilüfer Lake, both 18 km from Antalya are two more places of superb natural beauty.

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Goreme and the Valley of the Fairy Chimneys, Turkey

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 24, 2007 at 08:45:25 :: Turkey

Göreme (Greek: Κόραμα ("Korama")), located among the "fairy chimneys" rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia. The Göreme National Park (Göreme Milli Parklar in Turkish) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

Turkey, Cappadocia (kapadokya), Göreme National Park (Göreme Tarihî Millî Parkı)


Commonly referred to as the Valley of the Fairy Chimneys, after the strange rock formations that proliferate in the region, this weird and wonderful landscape of 9572 hectares (23,653 acres) was formed when three volcanoes, Erciyes, Hasan and Melendiz Daðlari erupted around 30 million years ago.

The deposits they created make up a material called tuff, a soft rock that is easily eroded to form extraordinary table mountains, fairy chimneys and undulating, sand-dune like cliff faces. For hundreds of years, the indigenous population had carved homes out of the rocks, many of which have been turned into comfortable pansiyon (guesthouses).

Göreme, located among the fairy chimneys rock formations, town in Cappadocia, Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia


The first period of settlement within the region reaches to Roman period of Christianity era. St Paul introduced Christianity to the region in the first century AD, and one of Cappadocia’s chief attractions is the array of rock churches and monasteries that were hewn out of the landscape, thus being hidden from the pursuing Arab invaders. The town of Göreme has an open-air museum where many of these preserved houses and churches, adorned with frescoes, can be seen. (Source Wikipedia and worldtouristattractions)

Among historical sites are Ortahane, Durmus Kadir, Yusuf Koc and Bezirhane churches in Göreme, including Tokali Kilise, the Apple Church, houses and shafts engraved from rocks.

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In The News

Fairy chimney, Turkey

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 09, 2006 at 10:54:39

Fairy chimneyPhoto of the week:
Large panorama of Fairy Chimney in Turkey

Turkey - Fairy Chimney - Panorama


UNESCO World Heritage

Turkey, Neolithic Site of Catalhoyuk

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 09:48:59

Location Turkey
Coordinates N37 40 0 E32 49 41
Property 37 ha
Date of Inscription 2012

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1405 )

Two hills form the 37 ha site on the Southern Anatolian Plateau. The taller eastern mound contains eighteen levels of Neolithic occupation between 7400 bc and 6200 bc, including wall paintings, reliefs, sculptures and other symbolic and artistic features. Together they testify to the evolution of social organization and cultural practices as humans adapted to a sedentary life. The western mound shows the evolution of cultural practices in the Chalcolithic period, from 6200 bc to 5200 bc. Çatalhöyük provides important evidence of the transition from settled villages to urban agglomeration, which was maintained in the same location for over 2,000 years. It features a unique streetless settlement of houses clustered back to back with roof access into the buildings.

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Catalhoyuk Excavations, Catalhoyuk

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Turkey, Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 09:41:23

Location Edirne, Turkey
Coordinates N41 40 40 E26 33 34
Property 2.50 ha
Date of Inscription 2011

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1366 )

The square Mosque with its single great dome and four slender minarets, dominates the skyline of the former Ottoman capital of Edirne. Sinan, the most famous of Ottoman architects in the 16th century, considered the complex, which includes madrasas (Islamic schools), a covered market, clock house, outer courtyard and library, to be his best work. The interior decoration using Iznik tiles from the peak period of their production testifies to an art form that remains unsurpassed in this material. The complex is considered to be the most harmonious expression ever achieved of the Ottoman külliye, a group of buildings constructed around a mosque and managed as a single institution.

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Selimiye Mosque Selimiye Mosque

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Turkey, Archaeological Site of Troy

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 07:07:06

Location Province of Çanakkale, Turkey
Coordinates N39 57 23.184 E26 14 20.4
Property 158 ha
Date of Inscription 1998

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/849 )

Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. The first excavations at the site were undertaken by the famous archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in 1870. In scientific terms, its extensive remains are the most significant demonstration of the first contact between the civilizations of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world. Moreover, the siege of Troy by Spartan and Achaean warriors from Greece in the 13th or 12th century B.C., immortalized by Homer in the Iliad, has inspired great creative artists throughout the world ever since.

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Ruins, Troy Archaeological Site of Troy

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Turkey, City of Safranbolu

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 07:00:18

Location City and District of Safranbolu, Province of Karabuk, Turkey
Coordinates N41 15 36 E32 41 22.992
Property 193 ha
Date of Inscription 1994

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/614 )

From the 13th century to the advent of the railway in the early 20th century, Safranbolu was an important caravan station on the main East–West trade route. The Old Mosque, Old Bath and Süleyman Pasha Medrese were built in 1322. During its apogee in the 17th century, Safranbolu's architecture influenced urban development throughout much of the Ottoman Empire.

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Safranbolu, View Traditional house, Safranbolu

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Turkey, Nemrut Dag

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 06:53:32

Location Adiyaman Province, Turkey
Coordinates N38 2 11.796 E38 45 49.284
Property 11 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/448 )

The mausoleum of Antiochus I (69–34 B.C.), who reigned over Commagene, a kingdom founded north of Syria and the Euphrates after the breakup of Alexander's empire, is one of the most ambitious constructions of the Hellenistic period. The syncretism of its pantheon, and the lineage of its kings, which can be traced back through two sets of legends, Greek and Persian, is evidence of the dual origin of this kingdom's culture.

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Statues, Mount Nemrut Head, Mount Nemrut

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Turkey, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 30, 2013 at 06:46:56

Location City and District of Divriği, Province of Sivas (Eastern Anatolia), Turkey
Coordinates N39 22 24.996 E38 7 24.996
Property 2,016 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/358 )

This region of Anatolia was conquered by the Turks at the beginning of the 11th century. In 1228–29 Emir Ahmet Shah founded a mosque, with its adjoining hospital, at Divrigi. The mosque has a single prayer room and is crowned by two cupolas. The highly sophisticated technique of vault construction, and a creative, exuberant type of decorative sculpture – particularly on the three doorways, in contrast to the unadorned walls of the interior – are the unique features of this masterpiece of Islamic architecture.

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Divrigi Great Mosque Divrigi Great Mosque

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Turkey, Hattusha: the Hittite Capital

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 09, 2011 at 13:36:20

Location District of Sungurlu, Çorum Province, Turkey
Coordinates N40 0 50.004 E34 37 14.016
Property 268 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/377 )

The archaeological site of Hattusha, former capital of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd millennium B.C.

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Ruins, Hattusa King gate, Hattusa

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Turkey, Xanthos-Letoon

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, July 02, 2011 at 07:24:00

Location Provinces of Muğla and Antalya, Turkey
Coordinates N36 20 6 E29 19 13.008
Property 126 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/484 )

This site, which was the capital of Lycia, illustrates the blending of Lycian traditions and Hellenic influence, especially in its funerary art. The epigraphic inscriptions are crucial for our understanding of the history of the Lycian people and their Indo-European language.

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Leto temple, Letoon Theatre, Xanthos

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Turkey, Historic Areas of Istanbul

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 27, 2009 at 11:59:59

Location City and Province of Istanbul, Turkey
Coordinates N41 0 30.492 E28 58 47.748
Type Cultural
Property 678 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/356 )

With its strategic location on the Bosphorus peninsula between the Balkans and Anatolia, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, Istanbul has been associated with major political, religious and artistic events for more than 2,000 years. Its masterpieces include the ancient Hippodrome of Constantine, the 6th-century Hagia Sophia and the 16th-century Süleymaniye Mosque, all now under threat from population pressure, industrial pollution and uncontrolled urbanization.

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Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

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Turkey, Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 27, 2009 at 07:33:32

Location Nevşehir Province (Cappadocia) in Central Anatolia, Turkey
Coordinates N38 40 0.012 E34 51 0
Type Mixed
Property 9,884 ha
Date of Inscription 1985

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/357 )

In a spectacular landscape, entirely sculpted by erosion, the Göreme valley and its surroundings contain rock-hewn sanctuaries that provide unique evidence of Byzantine art in the post-Iconoclastic period. Dwellings, troglodyte villages and underground towns – the remains of a traditional human habitat dating back to the 4th century – can also be seen there.

Photos from Landolia

Goreme National Park Fairy chimney, Goreme National Park

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Turkey, Hierapolis-Pamukkale

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 27, 2009 at 06:14:42

Location Denizli Province, Turkey
Coordinates N37 55 26.004 E29 7 23.988
Type Mixed
Property 1,077 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/485 )

Deriving from springs in a cliff almost 200 m high overlooking the plain, calcite-laden waters have created at Pamukkale (Cotton Palace) an unreal landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. At the end of the 2nd century B.C. the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established the thermal spa of Hierapolis. The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site.

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Main thoroughfare, Hierapolis Pamukkale

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