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United Kingdom

Elizabeth II and the 16 Commonwealth realms

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, March 23, 2014 at 07:30:10 :: United Kingdom

Buckingham PalaceElizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states (known as the Commonwealth realms) and their territories and dependencies, as well as head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the title Defender of the Faith as part of her full title.

A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations that currently has Elizabeth II as its reigning constitutional monarch and shares a common royal line of succession with the other realms. As of 2012, there are sixteen Commonwealth realms, with a combined land area (excluding Antarctic claims) of 18.8 million km² (7.3 million mi²) and a population of 137 million:

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Bodiam Castle, 14th century moated castle with ruined interior

 Posted by Christophe Le Corre
Christophe Le Corre
, December 22, 2013 at 05:04:15 :: United Kingdom

Bodiam CastleBodiam Castle was built in 1385, by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, as defence against invasion by the French during the Hundred Years' War and also as his family home. The castle is now owned and looked after by the National Trust (National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty) and opens its doors to the public all year round.

The appearance of Bodiam Castle is exactly how most people imagine a medieval castle should look like. It has all the makings of a fairy-tale fortress: square-shaped with a central courtyard, buildings against the curtain wall, circular towers at each of the four corners and a huge twin-towered gatehouse in the north face.

The interior differs from older castles because there is no keep or inner defensive buildings. It is ruinous as it was destroyed during the Civil War and was left to deteriorate until its restoration in the early 20th century.

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The Maunsell Sea Forts, an abandoned place in United Kingdom

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, October 08, 2013 at 11:51:23 :: United Kingdom

Red Sands Maunsell Sea FortThe Maunsell Forts were constructed in the Thames and Mersey estuaries in 1942, during the Second World War, to a design by Guy Maunsell (1884-1961), a British civil engineer, to help defend the United Kingdom.

Many of the WWII army and navy sea forts still stand today.

When the construction of the four naval forts (Rough Sands, Sunk Head, Tongue Sands and Knock John) was completed, which were primarily designed to protect shipping, it was decided to build three more forts closer to London primarily to protect the city from aircraft.

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Carlisle Castle, Cumbria, England

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 16, 2010 at 08:40:03 :: United Kingdom

Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, Cumbria, England, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it has been the centre of many wars and invasions. Today the castle is managed by English Heritage and is open to the public. The castle until recently was the administrative headquarters of the former King's Own Royal Border Regiment now county headquarters to the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment and a museum to the regiment is within the castle walls.

Carlisle Castle, first built during the reign of William II of England and located in Carlisle, Cumbria, England


Carlisle Castle was first built during the reign of William II of England, the son of William the Conqueror who invaded England in 1066. At that time, Cumberland (the original name for north and west Cumbria) was still considered a part of Scotland. William II arrived and drove the Scots out of Cumberland to claim the area for England. He ordered the construction of a Norman style motte and bailey castle in Carlisle on the site of an old Roman fort, with construction beginning in 1093. The need for a castle in Carlisle was to keep the northern border of England secured against the threat of invasion from Scotland. In 1122, Henry I of England ordered a stone castle to be constructed on the site. Thus a keep and city walls were constructed.

The act of driving out the Scots from Cumberland led to many attempts to retake the lands. The result of this was that Carlisle and its castle would change hands many times for the next 700 years. The first attempt began during the troubled reign of Stephen of England. The Scottish King, David captured the city, exploiting the domestic troubles of England. It was he who completed the walls and stone keep. However the English seized back the city and castle several years later.

For a few months in 1568, Mary, Queen of Scots was imprisoned within the castle, in the southeast corner which has since been demolished. Later, the castle was besieged by the Parliamentary forces for eight months in 1644, during the English Civil War.

The most important battles for the city of Carlisle and its castle were during the second Jacobite rising against George II of Great Britain in 1745. The forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart travelled south from Scotland into England reaching as far south as Derby. Carlisle and the castle were seized and fortified by the Jacobites. However they were driven north by the forces of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, the son of George II. Carlisle was recaptured, and the Jacobites were jailed and executed. That battle marked the end of the castle's fighting life, as defending the border between England and Scotland was not necessary with both countries again one in Great Britain.

Some parts of the castle were then demolished for use as raw materials in the 19th century to create more or less what is visible to the visitor today. The Army moved in to take hold of the castle, which was the regimental depot of the Border Regiment until 1959, with control for maintenance passing to the Department of Environment later English Heritage.

The corner of Carlisle Castle near by Bitts Park - Carlisle Castle situated in Carlisle, Cumbria, England


Today, the castle still plays a prominent role in Cumbria as one of its best loved landmarks.

The squat, frowning keep, is both the oldest part of the castle and a reminder that Carlisle was a disputed frontier fortress, long commanding the especially turbulent western end of the Anglo-Scottish border. The keep houses displays about the castle's history, from medieval assaults via the exploits of Elizabethan Border Reivers to the Civil War siege and Bonnie Prince Charlie's Jacobite Rising of 1745-6.

Visit Carlisle Castle and United Kingdom now on Landolia.
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Isle of Skye, Scotland

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 29, 2008 at 11:10:23 :: United Kingdom

Skye or the Isle of Skye (Scottish Gaelic An t-Eilean Sgitheanach pronounced [əɲ tʰʲelan s̪kʲiə.anəx]), is the largest and most northerly island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Its population is around 9,000 inhabitants.

Sometimes referred to in Gaelic poetry and song as Eilean a' Cheò (The Misty Isle), Skye is renown for its natural beauty, history and wildlife. Although it has been suggested that the Gaelic name describes this shape there is no definitive agreement as to its origins.

Isle of Skye (Scottish Gaelic An t-Eilean Sgitheanach) coast, island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland


At 1,656 km² (639 mi²), Skye is the second-largest island in Scotland after Lewis and Harris. The coastline of Skye is a series of peninsulas and bays radiating out from a centre dominated by the Cuillin Hills (Gaelic:An Cuiltheann). The Cuillin Hills, the Red Hills and Blaven have long been favourites with climbers and walkers. If you don't fancy the high places, the deeply indented coastline means you are never far from the sea.

Wildlife abounds on the Island, with birds from the tiny Goldcrest to magnificent Golden Eagle, mammals from Pygmy Shrew to Red Deer and fish from Saithe to Salmon. If you are lucky you might catch sight of the elusive Otter playing on the shore. The wide range of geology and topography provides habitats for many wild flowers.

As you travel around the Island it's not unusual to hear snatches of Scottish Gaelic, the indigenous language of the area. Gaelic culture and heritage pervade the atmosphere, each part of the Island having its own tales of times past and plans for the future.

Skye Mealt Falls, on the North Eastern coast of Scotland's Isle of Skye. The falls drain Loch Mealt, Inner Hebrides of Scotland


The heritage of Skye & Lochalsh surrounds us in the landscape, from the dinosaur footprints in the rocks at Staffin Bay in North Skye, to the Neolithic chambered cairns and stone circles scattered in the countryside, and up to the present day peat banks, still utilised by the community.

The area can be seen as a microcosm of Highland life.

Visit the Isle of Skye and Scotland now on Landolia.
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London

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 14, 2006 at 10:57:17 :: United Kingdom

One of the Landolia members was in London and came back with beautiful photos. Check out.

The Millennium Wheel, London


Buckingham Palace, London


Chiang Mai Restaurant, London


Picadilly Circus, London


Big Ben, London


You can now visit London without leaving your coach :)
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In The News

Christmas goes global - London, United Kingdom

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, December 22, 2010 at 13:09:15

Oxford Street, in the heart of London, is Britain s busiest high street with a world-wide reputation as the heart of West End shoppingThe holiday season officially begins in November when the decorative lights are turned on in the main shopping thoroughfares of Oxford Street and Regent Street, lending central London some razzle-dazzle. Then the shopping season begins in earnest, the streets buzzing with people buying gifts for their friends, family and especially children, for whom Christmas is sheer magic.

In Trafalgar Square, the city's main square, a giant Christmas tree is set up. Glimmering with lights, it's a traditional gift from the people of Norway. St Martin-in-the-Fields Church, looking onto the square, presents notable musical events like "Carols By Candlelight" throughout December.

When Christmas Day arrives, virtually the whole city shuts down. This is very much a family day, when the extended brood get together at home to exchange gifts, feast on delicacies, tuck into turkey, play games, and make merry.

UNESCO World Heritage

United Kingdom, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 19, 2014 at 05:32:50

Location Wrexham County Borough, County of Denbighshire, Borough of Oswestry, County of Shropshire, United Kingdom
Coordinates N52 58 13 W3 5 16
Property 105 ha
Date of Inscription 2009

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1303 )

Situated in north-eastern Wales, the 18 kilometre long Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal is a feat of civil engineering of the Industrial Revolution, completed in the early years of the 19th century. Covering a difficult geographical setting, the building of the canal required substantial, bold civil engineering solutions, especially as it was built without using locks. The aqueduct is a pioneering masterpiece of engineering and monumental metal architecture, conceived by the celebrated civil engineer Thomas Telford. The use of both cast and wrought iron in the aqueduct enabled the construction of arches that were light and d strong, producing an overall effect that is both monumental and elegant. The property is inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, and as a remarkable synthesis of expertise already acquired in Europe. It is also recognized as an innovative ensemble that inspired many projects all over the world.

Photos from Landolia

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal Canal boat, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal

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United Kingdom, Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 19, 2014 at 05:01:17

Location Cornwall and Devon Counties, England
Coordinates N50 8 10 W5 23 1
Property 19,719 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1215 )

Much of the landscape of Cornwall and West Devon was transformed in the 18th and early 19th centuries as a result of the rapid growth of pioneering copper and tin mining. Its deep underground mines, engine houses, foundries, new towns, smallholdings, ports and harbours, and their ancillary industries together reflect prolific innovation which, in the early 19th century, enabled the region to produce two-thirds of the world’s supply of copper. The substantial remains are a testimony to the contribution Cornwall and West Devon made to the Industrial Revolution in the rest of Britain and to the fundamental influence the area had on the mining world at large. Cornish technology embodied in engines, engine houses and mining equipment was exported around the world. Cornwall and West Devon were the heartland from which mining technology rapidly spread.

Photos from Landolia

Dolcoath Mine, Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape Crown Mines, Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape

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United Kingdom, Liverpool - Maritime Mercantile City

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 19, 2014 at 04:18:07

Location Liverpool, England
Coordinates N53 24 24 W2 59 40
Property 136 ha
Date of Inscription 2004

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1150 )

Six areas in the historic centre and docklands of the maritime mercantile City of Liverpool bear witness to the development of one of the world’s major trading centres in the 18th and 19th centuries. Liverpool played an important role in the growth of the British Empire and became the major port for the mass movement of people, e.g. slaves and emigrants from northern Europe to America. Liverpool was a pioneer in the development of modern dock technology, transport systems and port management. The listed sites feature a great number of significant commercial, civic and public buildings, including St George’s Plateau.

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Royal Liver Building Port of Liverpool Building

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United Kingdom, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 18, 2014 at 05:27:08

Location London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, southwest Greater London, England
Coordinates N51 28 55 E0 17 38.5
Property 132 ha
Date of Inscription 2003

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1084 )

This historic landscape garden features elements that illustrate significant periods of the art of gardens from the 18th to the 20th centuries. The gardens house botanic collections (conserved plants, living plants and documents) that have been considerably enriched through the centuries. Since their creation in 1759, the gardens have made a significant and uninterrupted contribution to the study of plant diversity and economic botany.

Photos from Landolia

Palm House, Kew Gardens Great Pagoda, Kew Gardens

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United Kingdom, Saltaire

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 18, 2014 at 04:29:17

Location West Yorkshire, England
Coordinates N53 50 21 W1 47 18
Property 20 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1028 )

Saltaire, West Yorkshire, is a complete and well-preserved industrial village of the second half of the 19th century. Its textile mills, public buildings and workers' housing are built in a harmonious style of high architectural standards and the urban plan survives intact, giving a vivid impression of Victorian philanthropic paternalism.

Photos from Landolia

New Mill, Saltaire Salts Mill, Saltaire

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United Kingdom, New Lanark

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 18, 2014 at 03:53:01

Location South Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
Coordinates N55 39 48 W3 46 59
Property 146 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/429 )

New Lanark is a small 18th- century village set in a sublime Scottish landscape where the philanthropist and Utopian idealist Robert Owen moulded a model industrial community in the early 19th century. The imposing cotton mill buildings, the spacious and well-designed workers' housing, and the dignified educational institute and school still testify to Owen's humanism.

Photos from Landolia

River Clyde, New Lanark Robert Owen's house, New Lanark

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United Kingdom, Heart of Neolithic Orkney

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 17, 2014 at 05:49:39

Location Mainland Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom
Coordinates N58 59 45.8 W3 11 19.2
Property 15 ha
Date of Inscription 1999

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/514 )

The group of Neolithic monuments on Orkney consists of a large chambered tomb (Maes Howe), two ceremonial stone circles (the Stones of Stenness and the Ring of Brodgar) and a settlement (Skara Brae), together with a number of unexcavated burial, ceremonial and settlement sites. The group constitutes a major prehistoric cultural landscape which gives a graphic depiction of life in this remote archipelago in the far north of Scotland some 5,000 years ago.

The sites

Skara Brae Ring of Brodgar

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United Kingdom, Maritime Greenwich

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 17, 2014 at 04:49:32

Location London Borough of Greenwich, United Kingdom
Property 110 ha
Date of Inscription 1997

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/795 )

The ensemble of buildings at Greenwich, an outlying district of London, and the park in which they are set, symbolize English artistic and scientific endeavour in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Queen's House (by Inigo Jones) was the first Palladian building in England, while the complex that was until recently the Royal Naval College was designed by Christopher Wren. The park, laid out on the basis of an original design by André Le Nôtre, contains the Old Royal Observatory, the work of Wren and the scientist Robert Hooke.

Photos from Landolia

Royal Observatory, Greenwich Queen's House, Greenwich

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United Kingdom, Old and New Towns of Edinburgh

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 17, 2014 at 03:53:03

Location Lothian Region, Scotland, United Kingdom
Coordinates N55 57 0 W3 13 0
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/728 )

Edinburgh has been the Scottish capital since the 15th century. It has two distinct areas: the Old Town, dominated by a medieval fortress; and the neoclassical New Town, whose development from the 18th century onwards had a far-reaching influence on European urban planning. The harmonious juxtaposition of these two contrasting historic areas, each with many important buildings, is what gives the city its unique character.

Photos from Landolia

St Giles' Cathedral Edinburgh Castle

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United Kingdom, Blenheim Palace

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 16, 2014 at 04:18:02

Location Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
Coordinates N51 50 31 W1 21 41
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/425 )

Blenheim Palace, near Oxford, stands in a romantic park created by the famous landscape gardener 'Capability' Brown. It was presented by the English nation to John Churchill, first Duke of Marlborough, in recognition of his victory in 1704 over French and Bavarian troops. Built between 1705 and 1722 and characterized by an eclectic style and a return to national roots, it is a perfect example of an 18th-century princely dwelling.

Photos from Landolia

Blenheim Palace panorama Blenheim Palace

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United Kingdom, St Kilda

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 16, 2014 at 04:08:53

Location England
Coordinates N57 49 2 W8 34 36
Property 24,201 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/387 )

This volcanic archipelago, with its spectacular landscapes, is situated off the coast of the Hebrides and comprises the islands of Hirta, Dun, Soay and Boreray. It has some of the highest cliffs in Europe, which have large colonies of rare and endangered species of birds, especially puffins and gannets. The archipelago, uninhabited since 1930, bears the evidence of more than 2,000 years of human occupation in the extreme conditions prevalent in the Hebrides. Human vestiges include built structures and field systems, the cleits and the traditional Highland stone houses. They feature the vulnerable remains of a subsistence economy based on the products of birds, agriculture and sheep farming.

Photos from Landolia

Stac an Armin, St Kilda Soay, St Kilda

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United Kingdom, Durham Castle and Cathedral

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 15, 2014 at 04:41:02

Location County of Durham, United Kingdom
Coordinates N54 46 29 W1 34 34
Property 8.79 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/370 )

Durham Cathedral was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries to house the relics of St Cuthbert (evangelizer of Northumbria) and the Venerable Bede. It attests to the importance of the early Benedictine monastic community and is the largest and finest example of Norman architecture in England. The innovative audacity of its vaulting foreshadowed Gothic architecture. Behind the cathedral stands the castle, an ancient Norman fortress which was the residence of the prince-bishops of Durham.

Photos from Landolia

Durham Castle Durham Cathedral

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United Kingdom, Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, February 15, 2014 at 03:57:14

Location Gwynedd, North Wales, England
Coordinates N53 8 23 W4 16 37
Property 6.00 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/374 )

The castles of Beaumaris and Harlech (largely the work of the greatest military engineer of the time, James of St George) and the fortified complexes of Caernarfon and Conwy are located in the former principality of Gwynedd, in north Wales. These extremely well-preserved monuments are examples of the colonization and defence works carried out throughout the reign of Edward I (1272–1307) and the military architecture of the time.

The sites:

Beaumaris Castle, Beaumaris Beaumaris Castle
Harlech Castle, Harlech Harlech Castle
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United Kingdom, Pitcairn Islands, Henderson Island

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 28, 2012 at 04:31:55

Location Pitcairn Island group
Coordinates S24 22 0 W128 19 60
Property 3,700 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/487 )

Henderson Island, which lies in the eastern South Pacific, is one of the few atolls in the world whose ecology has been practically untouched by a human presence. Its isolated location provides the ideal context for studying the dynamics of insular evolution and natural selection. It is particularly notable for the 10 plants and four land birds that are endemic to the island.

Photos from Landolia

Henderson Island

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United Kingdom, Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 06, 2012 at 04:36:20

Location County Antrim, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Coordinates N55 15 0 W6 29 7
Property 70 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/369 )

The Giant's Causeway lies at the foot of the basalt cliffs along the sea coast on the edge of the Antrim plateau in Northern Ireland. It is made up of some 40,000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea. The dramatic sight has inspired legends of giants striding over the sea to Scotland. Geological studies of these formations over the last 300 years have greatly contributed to the development of the earth sciences, and show that this striking landscape was caused by volcanic activity during the Tertiary, some 50–60 million years ago.

Photos from Landolia

Hexagonal basalts, Giant's Causeway

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United Kingdom, Ireland, Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 05, 2012 at 12:45:01

Location County Meath, Ireland, United Kingdom
Coordinates N53 41 30.012 W6 27 0
Property 770 ha
Date of Inscription 1993

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/659 )

The three main prehistoric sites of the Brú na Bóinne Complex, Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth, are situated on the north bank of the River Boyne 50 km north of Dublin. This is Europe's largest and most important concentration of prehistoric megalithic art. The monuments there had social, economic, religious and funerary functions.

Photos from Landolia

Newgrange

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United Kingdom, Ironbridge Gorge

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 05, 2012 at 11:08:39

Location Shropshire, England
Coordinates N52 37 35 W2 28 22
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/371 )

Ironbridge is known throughout the world as the symbol of the Industrial Revolution. It contains all the elements of progress that contributed to the rapid development of this industrial region in the 18th century, from the mines themselves to the railway lines. Nearby, the blast furnace of Coalbrookdale, built in 1708, is a reminder of the discovery of coke. The bridge at Ironbridge, the world's first bridge constructed of iron, had a considerable influence on developments in the fields of technology and architecture.

Photos from Landolia

River Severn, Iron Bridge

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United Kingdom, Gough and Inaccessible Islands

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 05, 2012 at 06:56:44

Location Tristan da Cunha Island group, St Helena Dependency, United Kingdom
Coordinates S40 19 29 W9 55 43
Property 7,900 ha
Date of Inscription 1995

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/740 )

The site, located in the south Atlantic, is one of the least-disrupted island and marine ecosystems in the cool temperate zone. The spectacular cliffs of Gough and Inaccessible Islands, towering above the ocean, are free of introduced mammals and home to one of the world’s largest colonies of sea birds. Gough Island is home to two endemic species of land birds, the gallinule and the Gough rowettie, as well as to 12 endemic species of plants, while Inaccessible Island boasts two birds, eight plants and at least 10 invertebrates endemic to the island.

Photos from Landolia

Quest Bay, Gough Island

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United Kingdom, Dorset and East Devon Coast

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 04, 2012 at 13:30:46

Location Dorset and East Devon, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates N50 42 20 W2 59 23.6
Property 2,550 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1029 )

The cliff exposures along the Dorset and East Devon coast provide an almost continuous sequence of rock formations spanning the Mesozoic Era, or some 185 million years of the earth's history. The area's important fossil sites and classic coastal geomorphologic features have contributed to the study of earth sciences for over 300 years.

Photos from Landolia

Limestones, Jurassic Coast

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United Kingdom, Derwent Valley Mills

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 04, 2012 at 13:12:21

Location Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates N53 1 44 W1 29 17
Property 1,229 ha
Date of Inscription 2001

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1030 )

The Derwent Valley in central England contains a series of 18th- and 19th- century cotton mills and an industrial landscape of high historical and technological interest. The modern factory owes its origins to the mills at Cromford, where Richard Arkwright's inventions were first put into industrial-scale production. The workers' housing associated with this and the other mills remains intact and illustrate the socio-economic development of the area.

Photos from Landolia

Belper, Derwent Valley Mills

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United Kingdom, Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 04, 2012 at 11:37:10

Location County of Kent, England
Coordinates N51 16 48 E1 4 60
Property 18 ha
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/496 )

Canterbury, in Kent, has been the seat of the spiritual head of the Church of England for nearly five centuries. Canterbury's other important monuments are the modest Church of St Martin, the oldest church in England; the ruins of the Abbey of St Augustine, a reminder of the saint's evangelizing role in the Heptarchy from 597; and Christ Church Cathedral, a breathtaking mixture of Romanesque and Perpendicular Gothic, where Archbishop Thomas Becket was murdered in 1170.

Photos from Landolia

Canterbury cathedral St Augustine's Abbey St Martin's Church

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United Kingdom, Blaenavon Industrial Landscape

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 04, 2012 at 06:31:40

Location Blaenavon,40 km NE of Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
Coordinates N51 46 35 W3 5 17
Property 3,290 ha
Date of Inscription 2000

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/984 )

The area around Blaenavon is evidence of the pre-eminence of South Wales as the world's major producer of iron and coal in the 19th century. All the necessary elements can still be seen - coal and ore mines, quarries, a primitive railway system, furnaces, workers' homes, and the social infrastructure of their community.

Photos from Landolia

Big Pit Mining Musem, Blaenavon Industrial Landscape

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United Kingdom, City of Bath

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 04, 2012 at 05:40:31

Location Avon, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates N51 22 53 W2 21 31
Property 2,900 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/428 )

Founded by the Romans as a thermal spa, Bath became an important centre of the wool industry in the Middle Ages. In the 18th century, under George III, it developed into an elegant town with neoclassical Palladian buildings, which blend harmoniously with the Roman baths.

Photos from Landolia

Bath Abbey

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Germany, United Kingdom, Frontiers of the Roman Empire

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, January 13, 2010 at 13:41:09

Location Germany, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Coordinates N54 59 33.4 W2 36 3.6
Property 527 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/430 )

The ‘Roman Limes’ represents the border line of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 2nd century AD. It stretched over 5,000 km from the Atlantic coast of northern Britain, through Europe to the Black Sea, and from there to the Red Sea and across North Africa to the Atlantic coast. The remains of the Limes today consist of vestiges of built walls, ditches, forts, fortresses, watchtowers and civilian settlements. Certain elements of the line have been excavated, some reconstructed and a few destroyed. The two sections of the Limes in Germany cover a length of 550 km from the north-west of the country to the Danube in the south-east. The 118-km-long Hadrian's Wall (UK) was built on the orders of the Emperor Hadrian c. AD 122 at the northernmost limits of the Roman province of Britannia. It is a striking example of the organization of a military zone and illustrates the defensive techniques and geopolitical strategies of ancient Rome. The Antonine Wall, a 60-km long fortification in Scotland was started by Emperor Antonius Pius in 142 AD as a defense against the “barbarians” of the north. It constitutes the northwestern-most portion of the Roman Limes.

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Hadrian's Wall Hadrian's Wall, Walltown Quarry

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United Kingdom, Tower of London

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, June 01, 2009 at 06:36:13

Location London Borough of Tower Hamlets, England
Coordinates N51 30 29 E0 4 34
Type Cultural
Date of Inscription 1988

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/488 )

The massive White Tower is a typical example of Norman military architecture, whose influence was felt throughout the kingdom. It was built on the Thames by William the Conqueror to protect London and assert his power. The Tower of London – an imposing fortress with many layers of history, which has become one of the symbols of royalty – was built around the White Tower.

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Tower of London

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United Kingdom, Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 31, 2009 at 19:12:32

Location City of Westminster, London, England
Coordinates N51 29 59 E0 7 43
Type Cultural
Property 10 ha
Date of Inscription 1987

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/426 )

Westminster Palace, rebuilt from the year 1840 on the site of important medieval remains, is a fine example of neo-Gothic architecture. The site – which also comprises the small medieval Church of Saint Margaret, built in Perpendicular Gothic style, and Westminster Abbey, where all the sovereigns since the 11th century have been crowned – is of great historic and symbolic significance.

Photos from Landolia

Palace of Westminster Westminster Abbey Saint Margaret's Church

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United Kingdom, Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 31, 2009 at 18:06:47

Location North Yorkshire, England
Coordinates N54 6 58 W1 34 23
Type Cultural
Property 309 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/372 )

A striking landscape was created around the ruins of the Cistercian Fountains Abbey and Fountains Hall Castle, in Yorkshire. The 18th-century landscaping, gardens and canal, the 19th-century plantations and vistas, and the neo-Gothic castle of Studley Royal Park, make this an outstanding site.

Photos from Landolia

Historical bridge, Studley Royal Park

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United Kingdom, Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites

 Posted by Simon Laroche
Simon Laroche
, May 31, 2009 at 12:40:57

Location Wiltshire, England: Salisbury, Amesbury, Avebury, United Kingdom
Coordinates N51 10 44 W1 49 31
Type Cultural
Property 4,985 ha
Date of Inscription 1986

Brief Description (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/373 )

Stonehenge and Avebury, in Wiltshire, are among the most famous groups of megaliths in the world. The two sanctuaries consist of circles of menhirs arranged in a pattern whose astronomical significance is still being explored. These holy places and the nearby Neolithic sites are an incomparable testimony to prehistoric times.

Photos from Landolia

Stonehenge

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