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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (Ayutthaya), Thailand

 Posted by , May 04, 2008 at 12:01:59 :: Thailand

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา, IPA: [aˡjutʰajaː]; also spelled "Ayudhya") city is the capital of Ayutthaya province in Thailand. The city was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong, who came here to escape a smallpox outbreak in Lop Buri, and proclaimed it the capital of his kingdom, often referred to as the Ayutthaya kingdom or Siam. Ayutthaya was named after the city of Ayodhya in India, the birthplace of Rama in the Ramayana (Thai, Ramakien). In 1767 the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, and the ruins of the old city now form the Ayutthaya historical park, which is recognized internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was refounded a few kilometers to the east.

Ruins of Ayutthaya, Ayutthaya historical park, founded by King Ramathibodi I in 1350, Thailand


Ayutthaya is located 76 km north of Bangkok. It was one of Indo-China's most prosperous cities and is one of Thailand's major historical attractions. The grandeur of Ayutthaya is reflected by numerous magnificent structures and ruins concentrated in and around the city island surrounded by the Chao Phraya, Pa Sak and Lop Buri Rivers. Ayutthaya covers an area of 2,556 square kilometres.

Monks' statues in the Ayutthaya historical park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครศรีอยุธยา), ruins of the old city of Ayutthaya, Thailand


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