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The 50 States of the United States: 45) Vermont

 Posted by , February 14, 2010 at 09:48:51 :: United States of America

The State of Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state ranks 43rd by land area, 9,250 square miles (24,000 km2), and 45th by total area. It has a population of 621,270, making it the second least-populated state (with only Wyoming having fewer residents).

Map of Vermont

The only New England state with no coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, Vermont is notable for Lake Champlain (which makes up 50% of Vermont's western border) and the Green Mountains, which run north to south. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.

Originally inhabited by Native American tribes (Abenaki and Iroquois), much of the territory that is now Vermont was claimed by France but became a British possession after France's defeat in the French and Indian War.

For many years, the surrounding colonies disputed control of the area (referred to at the time as the New Hampshire Grants) especially New Hampshire and New York. Settlers who held land titles granted by these colonies were opposed by the Green Mountain Boys militia, which eventually prevailed in creating an independent state, the Vermont Republic, founded during the Revolutionary War and lasting for 14 years; Vermont is thus one of four U.S. states (along with Texas, Hawaii, and the brief California Republic) to have, at one point, existed as its own sovereign government.

In 1791, Vermont joined the United States as the fourteenth state, and the first outside the original Thirteen Colonies.

It is the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States. The state capital is Montpelier, and the largest city and metropolitan area is Burlington. No other state has a largest city as small as Burlington (38,897), or a capital city as small as Montpelier (7,760).

Landscape in Vermont, hillside, State of Vermont in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America

Fun facts about Vermont:

- Maple syrup is a popular Vermont product—maple trees are "tapped" by pushing a hole through the bark. The sap is then collected and boiled until it thickens into syrup.

- Visitors can cross Lake Champlain to New York via ferry from Vermont at three locations: Charlotte, Burlington and Grand Isle. Ferry-goers might even spot "Champ," Lake Champlain's mythical monster.

- Vermont is the only one of the New England states that doesn't border the sea.

- Three quarters of Vermont is covered with forest, including ash, beech, birch, maple, hickory, oak, pine and spruce trees.

- Vermont is famous for its family farms—its has some 6,900 farms, most of them small.

- Vermonters are steadfastly independent—after the Revolutionary War, they even formed their own independent republic, which lasted until 1791.

- In April 2000, Vermont became the first U.S. state to legally recognize so-called civil unions between homosexual partners.

- Ben & Jerry's ice cream was founded in Burlington, Vermont, by Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield in 1978.

- The Champlain Valley is home to The Vermont Teddy Bear Company, which has been creating stuffed bears since 1983.

- Vermont elected its first female governor, Swiss-born Madeline Kunin, in 1985.

- Vermont has the least amount of violent crimes out of all 50 states.

- Vermont is 160 miles long and 80 miles wide.

- Until 1996, Vermont was the only state without a Wal-Mart.

- Montpelier is the only state capital without a McDonalds.

- Vermont's nickname is the Green Mountain State. The name of the state itself comes from "verts monts," French for green mountains.

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: Coder, Designer, Webmaster and Expert SEO Consulting, Simon Laroche is also a wise traveller and an avid amateur photographer. He created the website Landolia and many others...

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