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Oman, Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman

 Posted by , last edited on January 10, 2014 at 05:39:02

Location Dakhiliya, Sharqiya and Batinah Regions, Oman
Coordinates N22 59 56 E57 32 9.8
Property 1,456 ha
Date of Inscription 2006

Brief Description ( )

The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems and is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500, but archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems existed in this extremely arid area as early as 2500 BC. Using gravity, water is channelled from underground sources or springs to support agriculture and domestic use. The fair and effective management and sharing of water in villages and towns is still underpinned by mutual dependence and communal values and guided by astronomical observations. Numerous watchtowers built to defend the water systems form part of the site reflecting the historic dependence of communities on the aflaj system. Threatened by falling level of the underground water table, the aflaj represent an exceptionally well-preserved form of land use.

Photos from Landolia

Aflaj Irrigation System of Oman Water way, Aflaj Irrigation System of Oman

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